Presentation on theme: "Understanding the physical and human characteristics of our state"— Presentation transcript:
1 Understanding the physical and human characteristics of our state UNIT 1: Texas GeographyUnderstanding the physical and human characteristics of our state
2 Era of Natural Texas and Its People What is an era? A fixed period of time characterized by particular events, features, developments, or people.Why do historians divide history into eras? Historians divide history into eras in order to create blocks of time that have similar characteristics in order to organize and present information about the past.
3 Era of Natural Texas and Its People TEKS 1AIdentify the major eras in Texas history, describe their defining characteristics, and explain why historians divide the past into eras, including Natural Texas and its People; Age of Contact; Spanish Colonial; Mexican National; Revolution and Republic; Early Statehood; Texas in the Civil War and Reconstruction; Cotton, Cattle, and Railroads; Age of Oil; Texas in the Great Depression and World War II; Civil Rights and Conservatism; and Contemporary Texas
4 6 Geographical Questions LocationPlaceRegionsHuman-Environment InteractionHuman SystemsPhysical Systems
5 Location – Where is it?Absolute Location – The exact location of a place on the earth’s surfaceRelative Location – The location of a place in relation to other placesThe Absolute location and Relative location of Texas affect it in many ways – How has Texas’ relative location to Mexico affected it?
7 Using Latitude and Longitude The Absolute Location of a place is given using latitude and longitude coordinatesCoordinates are written using a numerical measurement and a directional label.Latitude is given first followed by longitude(29° N, 95° W) is the approximate location of Kingwood on the earth’s surface
8 Place – What is it like?Place refers to the physical and human characteristics of a locationPhysical Characteristics include:Landforms, Climate, plants, animalsHuman Characteristics include:Language, Religion, Architecture, Music, Politics, ways of life
13 Regions – How does it compare to other places? Geographers divide areas into regions in order to better study them.Regions are places that are united based on common characteristicsRegions can be based on physical, human, business and other characteristics
14 How to do G-PERSIA (Example) Define Vocabularyaquifer – an underground water reservoir (p. 34)Categorize Vocabulary – use formula “word is category because reason/justification”.Aquifer is geography because it’s a landform.
18 Human Systems Movement - How people move through the environment Cultural Diffusion - new ideas brought by migrating people become widely accepted.People bring ideas and goods with them when they move from one place to another.
19 Physical SystemsGeographers analyze physical systems such as mountains, volcanoes, hurricanes, glaciers to see how they interact with and shape places and regions.They also study plant and animal ecosystems that depend on each other and their surroundings in places and regions for their survival.
21 Why Geography? Geography prepares us for modern life People, businesses, governments depend on geography everyday to meet their needsComputer software such as GIS and GPS use geography to help people
22 Sizing Up Texas Second largest U.S. State The area of Texas is 267,277 square milesSome parts of Texas are closer to the capitals of other states than to Austin.
23 Sizing Up Texas Texas is the size of all of these states combined: New York PennsylvaniaOhio IllinoisConnecticut Rhode IslandMassachusetts VermontNew Hampshire New JerseyMaine
24 Sizing Up TexasEl Paso, Texas is closer to the Pacific Ocean than to Houston.Some students in Texas live 4 hrs from the nearest schoolHow could these geographic facts affect Texas?
25 Roy Bedichek He was an author and speaker; considered a “Naturalist” who traveled anddocumented theTexas landscape forover 30 years.