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Miranda v. Arizona.

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Presentation on theme: "Miranda v. Arizona."— Presentation transcript:

1 Miranda v. Arizona

2 Facts of the Case Police arrest Ernesto Miranda after the victim identifies him in lineup Police interrogate Miranda for two hours

3 Facts of the Case Miranda confesses to charges of rape and kidnapping.
At trial, the prosecutor uses confession to obtain conviction. Miranda is sentenced to yrs on each count.

4 Question Before Court What is the role of the police in protecting the rights of the accused, as guaranteed by the Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the Constitution?

5 5th & 6th Amendments Fifth Amendment: no person "shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself " Sixth Amendment: "In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to have the assistance of counsel for his defense."

6 Legal Precedents Fifth Amendment protects individuals from forced confessions. (Brown v Mississippi, 1936) Persons accused of felonies have a fundamental right to an attorney (Gideon v Wainwright, 1963) When an accused person is denied the right to consult with his attorney, his/her Sixth Amendment right to counsel is violated (Escobedo v. Illinois, 1964).

7 Ruling 5-4 ruling in favor of Miranda
Police must ensure that defendants are aware of their rights before they are interrogated in custody.  They have the right to remain silent Anything they say may be used against them in court They have the right to an attorney, either retained by them or appointed by the court They may waive these rights, but they retain the right to ask for an attorney any time during the interrogation Dissenting opinion: Written by Justice Harlan who argued that the new rules did not protect suspects from police brutality. Do you think the Miranda ruling is clear? Is there anything that may be confusing or may lead to future legal questions? What is meant by “in custody?” How about “interrogation”?

8 How clear is Miranda? Review three case scenarios…
Have kids get into groups of 3-4 to review cases and identify main arguments for prosecution and defense. Discuss results.

9 What does custody mean? Custody means a reasonable person believes they are not free to leave. Miranda ONLY applies when a person is in custody.

10 When does Miranda not apply?
Physical evidence: fingerprints, DNA, handwriting samples, etc. Corporations When a defendant takes the stand in his own defense Immunity (not being prosecuted in exchange for testimony) If statute of limits has expired

11 Exceptions to Miranda Traffic violations
When the police are preserving public safety Spontaneous remarks Routine booking questions Undercover plain clothes officers in jail Miranda—life after the case Upcoming ruling on Miranda case in Florida

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