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Unit 6 Digital Literacy Study S3 Obj 2-2

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1 Unit 6 Digital Literacy Study S3 Obj 2-2
Viruses & Destructive Programs Unit 6 Digital Literacy Study S3 Obj 2-2

2 Computer Virus A Virus is a computer program written to alter the way a computer operates without the permission or knowledge of the user. Viruses can either be considered a Nuisance or Destructive. They can Corrupt files Destroy data Display irritating messages Corrupt computer systems Some viruses replicate themselves which means that they copy themselves over and over.

3 Types of Viruses Not all computer viruses behave, replicate, or infect the same way. There are several different categories of viruses and malware. Trojan Horse Worms Bootsector Virus Macro Virus Memory Resident Viruses Rootkit Virus Polymorphic Viruses Logic Bombs/Time Bombs

4 Types of viruses Trojan Horse: Worms:
Has the appearance of having a useful and desired function. Program performs undesired functions secretly. Does not replicate itself. Worms: A program that replicates itself in order to spread from one computer to another.

5 Types of viruses Bootsector Virus: Macro Virus:
Attaches itself to the first part of the hard disk that is read by the computer during the bootup process. Macro Virus: Uses another application’s macro programming language to distribute themselves. They infect documents such as MS Word, Excel, etc.

6 Types of viruses Memory Resident Viruses: Rootkit Virus:
Viruses that reside in a computer’s RAM. They stay in the memory after the initiating program closes. Rootkit Virus: An undetectable virus which attempts to allow someone to gain control of a computer system. Disguised as operating system files.

7 Types of viruses Polymorphic Viruses: Logic Bombs/Time Bombs:
Copies itself by creating multiple files of itself. It changes its signature making it hard for antivirus software to detect. Logic Bombs/Time Bombs: Programmed to initiate at a specific date or when a specific event occurs.

8 Spreading Viruses Viruses spread because people distribute infected files by exchanging disks and CDs, sending attachments, and downloading files from the Internet. Viruses attach themselves to files with .exe, .com, or .vbs filename extensions When you open the infected file, the virus opens and waits to infect the next program you run or disk you use. Viruses have the ability to lurk in a computer for days or months, quietly replicating (copying) themselves. You may not even know your computer has a virus, thus making it easier to spread the virus.

9 How Viruses Spread Email Attachments Rogue Websites Networks
Infected Boot Disks Phishing Schemes Infected Software Hackers Instant Messaging Fake Anti-Virus Software Mobile Devices Friends and Relatives

10 How viruses spread Email Attachments: Rogue Websites:
Viruses may be carried in attachments to messages. Rogue Websites: Viruses may lurk on untrustworthy websites. Clicking on them may infect your computer.

11 How viruses spread Networks: Infected Boot Disks:
A computer may be infected through a network which spreads from another computer connected to that same network. Keeping anti-virus software updated can help the situation. Infected Boot Disks: A virus can spread if an infected disk is in the hard drive and you try to restart. Know the origin of any media you use with your computer system.

12 How viruses spread Phishing Schemes: Infected Software:
These schemes try to get your personal information through messages pretending to be legitimate sites. When you visit these sites, spyware, adware, and viruses are automatically installed on your computer. Infected Software: Freeware or shareware may infect your computer system. Only download from trusted sites.

13 How viruses spread Hackers: Instant Messaging:
The best way to protect yourself is to have a firewall and up- to-date anti-virus software installed. Instant Messaging: Hackers see it as an easy target to get people to click on links. Only chat with people you know. Don’t follow links you don’t recognize.

14 How viruses spread Fake Anti-Virus Software: Mobile Devices:
Only download anti-virus programs from trusted sites . Mobile Devices: Before you plug peripheral devices into your computer for the first time, be sure your anti-virus software is up to date. Friends and Relatives: Viruses may come from family and friends’ attachments or from social media sites. DO NOT open an attachment with a .exe or .dll extension.

15 Protecting your Computer
Just as you protect yourself from illness and disease, there are ways you can cut the chances of your computer systems being infected. Install trusted anti-virus program Install anti-spyware and malware programs Avoid suspicious websites Never open attachments without scanning them first Set up automatic scans Watch your downloads

16 Protecting your Computer
Install updates coming from your operating system software programs Know what to look for Stay away from Cracked Software Install a Firewall Be prepared to lock down

17 Computer Theft & Privacy
The most popular tech item to steal are Laptops which are then most often sold. Theft of personal information can also be stolen through unsecured use of wireless services. Others may be able to access the files you have open in these situations. Use passwords to keep your files and information safe and to keep most people out of your files. View the 5 minute video on the importance of using strong passwords to help protect your privacy. Record at least three things you learned.



20 Computer Theft & Privacy
Tips on Using Passwords from the Video: Never write down your password; use unique passwords Use at least seven characters; use letters from a phrase Include punctuation or symbols; use upper and lower case letters

21 Hacking Hacking The Penalty
Hacking means finding out weaknesses in a computer or computer network. The term can also refer to someone with an advanced understanding of computers and computer networks. Hackers may be motivated by a multitude of reasons, such as profit, protest, or challenge. Their objective is to do damage or steal personal information. The Penalty The federal punishment for hacking into computers ranges from a fine or imprisonment depending upon the seriousness of the criminal activity and what damage the hacker has done. Hackers cost businesses money because of downtime and loss of data

22 Internet Controls Types of controls for internet safety
Firewalls: Form a barrier between two networks Filters: Control what can be viewed on Internet Parental Controls: Software that allows parental control over what kids do on the Internet

23 Freeware & Shareware Freeware Shareware Software
Copyrighted computer software which is made available for use free of charge for an unlimited time. Shareware Software Is typically obtained free of charge, either by downloading from the Internet or other source. A user may try it out for a certain period of time without charge. There is an eventual charge for this use of the program.

24 Please complete the attached assignment: viruses & destructive programs

25 Computer Virus A computer virus is a computer program that can replicate itself and spread from one computer to another. The term "virus" is also commonly, but erroneously, used to refer to other types of malware, including but not limited to adware and spyware programs that do not have a reproductive ability.

26 Trojan Horse A Trojan horse, or Trojan, is a type of malware that masquerades as a legitimate file or helpful program with the ultimate purpose of granting a hacker unauthorized access to a computer.

27 Worm A computer worm is a standalone malware computer program that replicates itself in order to spread to other computers. Often, it uses a computer network to spread itself.

28 Dictionary Attack A dictionary attack uses a targeted technique of successively trying all the words in an exhaustive list called a dictionary to find out passwords on a computer system.

29 File Virus A type of computer virus that inserts its malicious code into executable files on a system.

30 Malware Short for malicious software, software designed specifically to damage or disrupt a system, such as a virus or a Trojan horse.

31 Adware Adware is the common name used to describe software that is given to the user with advertisements embedded in the application.

32 Spyware Any software that covertly gathers user information through the user's Internet connection without his or her knowledge, usually for advertising purposes.

33 Freeware vs. Shareware Freeware is software downloaded at no charge to the user. There may be a charge for Shareware after a trial period.

34 Phishing & Spoofing Attacks
The act of sending an to a user falsely claiming to be an established legitimate enterprise in an attempt to scam the user into surrendering private information that will be used for identity theft.

35 Social Engineering In the realm of computers, the act of obtaining or attempting to obtain otherwise secure data by conning an individual into revealing secure information. Social engineering is successful because its victims innately want to trust other people and are naturally helpful.

36 War Driving The act of driving around in a vehicle with a laptop computer, an antenna, and an wireless LAN adapter to exploit existing wireless networks.


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