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MR. MORRIS WORLD HISTORY The Age of Chivalry. Key Terms Ch 13.3, pg 364 Chivalry Tournament Troubadour.

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Presentation on theme: "MR. MORRIS WORLD HISTORY The Age of Chivalry. Key Terms Ch 13.3, pg 364 Chivalry Tournament Troubadour."— Presentation transcript:

1 MR. MORRIS WORLD HISTORY The Age of Chivalry

2 Key Terms Ch 13.3, pg 364 Chivalry Tournament Troubadour

3 Knights: Warriors on Horseback Knights, people who rode on horses in battle, became valuable in combat during the time of Charles Martel

4 The Technology of Warfare Changes Saddles and stirrups changed how battles were fought in Europe during the 700s  Saddles were used to keep warriors seated firmly on a moving horse  Stirrups were used to brace riders so they would not fall off of their horses in battle Eventually, these mounted knights became the most important part of any army

5 The Warrior’s Role in Feudal Society By the 11 th Century, Europe was a series of nobles who were searching for power  Lords recruited knights to protect their territories  Knights were rewarded with land  As knights gained land, they could devote themselves to warfare  Lords would pay for the equipment of war as well  Knights chief responsibility was warfare and preparation for war and lords required 40 days of combat per year  Many hobbies revolved around war training

6 Knighthood and the Code of Chivalry Knights were expected to display courage and loyalty on the battlefield  Developed a complex set of ideas called chivalry that required a knight to fight bravely for 3 people  His earthly lord  His heavenly Lord  His lady  The perfect knights were loyal, brave, courteous, and protected those who were weak and poor  Many failed to meet all of these standards

7 A Knight’s Training The sons of nobles began training for knighthood at age 7  Sent to another castle to serve as a page and hone warrior skills  At age 14, became a squire – servant to a knight  By age 21, the squire became a knight  Young knights traveled and fought in local wars and tournaments

8 Brutal Reality of Warfare By the 1100s, castles were defended by walls and tall towers  Castles housed lords, their ladies, their families, knights and soldiers, and servants  Fortresses, built for defense  Defenders used boiling water, oil, or lead on attackers  Crossbows could fire arrows that would pierce armor

9 The Literature of Chivalry Many stories made castle life seem much nicer than it actually was  Glorified knighthood and chivalry  Songs and poems about knights in love with their ladies were also popular

10 Epic Poetry Epic poems recalled deeds and adventures of heroes like King Arthur and Charlemagne  Enjoyed by feudal lords and ladies  The Song of Roland is one of the earliest and most famous medieval epic poems  French soldiers who died in battle under Charlemagne  Roland and his soldiers battle a much larger force of Muslims

11 Love Poems and Songs Knights duties to ladies were as important to those of their lords under the code of chivalry  Troubadours were traveling singers who sang love songs  Talked about love’s disappointments and joys

12 Women’s Role in Feudal Society Most women in feudal society were powerless  Seen as inferior to men  This was the view of the Church so many people accepted that view

13 Noblewomen Noblewomen could inherit their husband’s estate  Also had the ability to send knights into battle at the request of her lord  Military commander and warrior when husbands were off to war More often than not, noblewomen led limited lives  Little property ownership, land was passed to sons

14 Peasant Women Women in lower classes led lives unchanged for hundreds of years  Peasant women worked in the fields, in the home, had children, and took care of families  Young girls learned household skills form their mothers at a young age  Peasant females were poor and powerless

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