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Published byLisa Blair
Modified over 4 years ago
20 th Century India Rags to Riches
Pre-WWII Had been run by Brits for 200+ years –100,000 Brits controlled 450 million Indians!
The Crown Jewel British East India Company saw India as money maker –Indian Textiles and Spices
Benefits of UK rule Medicine, transportation, communication education and democracy
Drawbacks to UK Rule Loss of culture, 30 million die from crop changes
Early Efforts at Independence Sepoy Rebellion Indian National Congress (1885) formed Congress Party –Muslim make Muslim League in 1906
Enter Mohandas Gandhi Civil Disobedience Hindu Nationalist
Effects of WWII Britain used Indian Troops without seeking Congress Party approval –Fuels Separatist Fires… After the war, UK cost of empire too much…
Independence and Partitions July 16, 1947 Two new states created, Hindu India and Muslim East and West Pakistan –Mass relocation through India… –VIOLENCE
More Violence and a Martyr Over 1 million dead in ethnic cleansings Jan. 30, 1948 Gandhi assassinated by Hindu Nationalist for supporting partition : (
The New Nations and Peace??? Jawaharlal Nehru, a secular Hindu, and Mohammad Ali Jinnah, a Muslim, become the first leaders for each country
Walking Through Kashmir… DUCK! Hindu governor brought Muslim population into India at the partition. –BOTH SIDES WANT IT…WAR! –Still at odds… and NUCLEAR POWERS
A Free India To aid poor, Nehru turns to Socialism –Economy weak, population on the rise… –Tried to help lower castes and Stressed industry –Made movement to counter bi- polar world
Indira Gandhi 1966: Nehru’s daughter elected Population growth hurting economy Violent Sikh separatists attack –6/84 -Raid on the Golden Temple –500 Dead
Another Dead Gandhi Two Sikh bodyguards killed her in retaliation
Another Gandhi, er, Nehru Rajiv Gandhi, son of Indira, in power Brings capitalism (and corruption?) –Bombed for economic changes –Irony – these changes saved India…
The Good, the Bad and the Ugly World’s largest democracy Excellent economic growth Still split by ethnic and religious factions Terrible poverty
Sec.3 British Rule In India. India Britain's main interest in Imperialism in India was the British East India company. This company controlled all trade.
34.1 Indian Subcontinent Achieves Freedom
Nationalist Leaders in South Asia Nationalist: A person devoted to the interests or culture of one’s nation.
Decolonization Ch 34. India Section 1 Congress Party Who: Hindus & Muslims What: India’s national political party Where: India When: 1940s Why: India.
The Indian Subcontinent Achieves Freedom
South Asia After Empire. Increasing Nationalism in India British had encouraged nationalism between the 2 religions to “divide and conquer” which made.
Struggle for Democracy in South Asia
DECOLONIZATION OF AFRICA AND INDIA
What would Gandhi do? There is a new school rule that states all students must wear plain blue t-shirts and long pants every day…what would Gandhi do?
HWH UNIT 13 CHAPTER Review British East India Company Sepy Rebellion The “Jewel in the Crown” The Indian National Congress (Congress Party)
Independent nations of South Asia
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Independence in South Asia.
Objectives Understand why independence brought partition to South Asia. Describe how Indian leaders built a new nation. Summarize how Pakistan and Bangladesh.
India Lesson 3 Indian Independence.
20 th Century India The last British Colony. The British East India Trading Company The Crown Jewel – the Company saw India as a moneymaker Indian textiles.
Mohandas K. GANDHI Mohandas K. GANDHI and Indian Independence.
Aim: How did the conflict between Muslims and Hindus impact the creation of Pakistan? Do Now: Ethnic relations at Grover Cleveland. AIM/Goal: How did the.
British Imperialism in India Where is India? End of Mughal Rule 1600s, the British East India Company set up trading posts at Bombay, Madras, and Calcutta.
South Asia After Empire
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