Presentation on theme: "Abstract Expressionism Art II. Abstract Expressionism Period: Late 1940s, early 1950’s Locale: New York, East Hampton Aim: Express inner life through."— Presentation transcript:
Abstract Expressionism Period: Late 1940s, early 1950’s Locale: New York, East Hampton Aim: Express inner life through art Technique: Free application of paint, no reference to visual reality Theory: Image not result of a preconceived idea, but of creative process
Influence: Wassily Kandinsky Russian painter, whose exploration of the possibilities of abstraction make him one of the most important innovators in modern art. Impressed by the works of the Fauves and Post Impressionists, his paintings became more highly colored and loosely organized. Around 1913 he began working on paintings that derived their inspiration and titles from music.
Kandinsky In 1911, along with Franz Marc and other German Expressionists, Kandinsky formed Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider) group (so called for Kandinsky's love of blue and Marc's love of horses). Wrote Concerning the Spiritual in Art, the first theoretical treatise on abstraction, which spread his ideas through Europe. He also taught at the Moscow Academy of Fine Arts from 1918 to 1921 and at the Bauhaus in Dessau, Paved the way for abstract expressionism, the dominant school of painting since World War II (1939-1945).
Abstract Expressionism The center of the art world shifted to New York. Not just the product of artistic creation but the active process of creating it. Discovered the act of anarchy from the Dadaists and Surrealists.
Influences Took the concept of “Automatism” that they learned from Dadaists one step further; relying on instinct to shape the works of art that were not only irrational but unpremeditated accidents.
Willem De Kooning “Old Master of Abstract Expressionism” Worked in a realistic style until 1948 Developed a mature style of slashing brush strokes Until other AE, he kept his interest in the human figure and is known for a series of “Woman” paintings
Early advocate of the freely splashed pigment Highly influential teacher Push / pull method (repulsion/ attraction of certain colors) First to experiment with pouring paint German –American painter known for rectangles of high-key contrasting colors that seem to collide.
Helen Frankenthaler Nature Abhors a Vacuum, 1973 8 feet 7 1/2 inches wide by 9 feet 4 1/2 inches tal How do you think Frankenthaler applied this paint?
Helen Frankenthaler Student of Hans Hofmann Saw the work of Pollock and watercolor artist John Marin and combined their methods to make “stain paintings”. Used diluted oil paint on sailcloth to create paintings- guided the paint with sponge and wipers.
Mark Rothko Untitled (Violet, Black, Orange, Yellow on White and Red), 1949
Mark Rothko “Multiforms" developed into the signature style; by early 1949 Rothko exhibited these new works. For critics, the paintings were nothing short of a revelation. Striking symmetrical rectangular blocks of two to three opposing or contrasting, yet complementary colors Wanted people to view the images from 18 inches away to create intimacy
Jasper Johns His work is often described as a 'Neo-Dadaist'Neo-Dadaist Johns played with and presented opposites, contradictions, paradoxes, and ironies, much like Marcel Duchampparadoxes Marcel Duchamp Though the Abstract Expressionists disdained subject matter, in the end it could be said that they simply changed subjects. Johns neutralized the subject, so that something like pure paint--painted surface--could declare itselfAbstract Expressionists