Presentation on theme: "The Explosive Materials that led to World War I The spark that ignited the “powder keg”"— Presentation transcript:
The Explosive Materials that led to World War I The spark that ignited the “powder keg”
Four MAIN Factors that led to WWI 1.Militarism 2.Alliances 3.Imperialism 4.Nationalism
Militarism Building up of armed forces, getting ready for war –Leaders believed they could achieve their goals through the threat or use of force
As rivalries grew so did armies: Germany and Great Britain –1906 Great Britain made the worlds first battleship called the Dreadnought –Germany rushed to build their own ships.
Alliances A close association of nations formed to advance common interests or causes (promise to defend or help) Look at the map of Europe, what do you notice about the size and locations of the countries?
Two alliances formed in Europe between 1880 and 1910: 1.Triple Alliance – Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy 2. Triple Entente – France, Russia, Great Britain
Imperialism The policy of extending the rule or authority of a nation over foreign countries (colonies) – Building an empire Many European countries competed for control of areas in Africa and Asia
Nationalism Devotion and loyalty to one's own nation and the desire for national advancement or independence. Nationalism is: Equivalent to patriotism Identification with one’s country Extreme love of one’s country
A movement advocating the political and cultural union of Slavic nations and peoples. Russia – largest Slavic nation Balkan Region – Serbia Pan-Slavism
Entering WWI Austria-Hungary July 28, 1914 Serbia didn’t accept ultimatum for killing of Archduke Ferdinand Serbia July 28, 1914 Austria-Hungry declared war on Serbs
Germany August 1, 1914 Demand Russia stop mobilizing in support for Serbia Russia August 1, 1914 Germany declared war on Russia
France August 3, 1914 Germany declared war on France b/c they knew France would side with Russia Great Britain August 4, 1914 Germany didn’t honor Belgian neutrality as agreed upon and sent troops through Belgium to get to France
Japan Late August 1914 Joined side of Great Britain and France…desire to gain German possessions in Asia Italy May 1915 Joined Great Britain, France and Russia b/c expected defeat of Germany & Austria- Hungary
New Names For Groups Fighting in WWI Central Powers: Germany Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Ottoman Empire Allied Powers: Great Britain France Russia Italy Romania Serbia Japan Many other smaller countries