Presentation on theme: "Causes of WWI. World War I I. Causes of WWI A. Militarism Glorification of the military 2. Dominated national policy 3. The Arms Race a. Naval rivalry."— Presentation transcript:
I. Causes of WWI A. Militarism Glorification of the military 2. Dominated national policy 3. The Arms Race a. Naval rivalry between Britain & Germany
B. Alliances 1. Triple Alliance- Germany, Austria- Hungary, and Italy (1882)=Central Powers 2. Triple Entente- France, Britain & Russia = the Allies 3. Germany signed treaty with Ottoman Empire 4. Britain drew close to Japan
4. The Allies a. 1894 - Russia & France allies b. 1904- France & Britain-entente cordiale c. 3 yrs later - Britain & Russia signed agreement d. France, Britain, and Russia = Allied Powers 5. Other states were drawn into alliances Rival alliance led to rising tensions.
C. Imperialism and Economic rivalries 1. British - Threatened by German economic growth 2. Germany wanted to keep France from gaining Morocco 3. Result = Britain & France formed closer ties against Germany
D. Nationalism 1. Leading cause of international tension. a. German ’ s - proud of military & industrial leadership b. France- Resented German occupation in Alsace & Lorraine
2. Pan-Slavism-Eastern Europe a.Powerful form of nationalism b. Led by Russia-duty to defend all Slavs 3. Crises in the Balkans a. Serbia - especially aggressive b. 1912 - several Balkan states attacked Turkey c. 1914 - “ Powder Keg of Europe ”
II. The Murder of an Archduke A.June 28 - Archduke Francis Ferdinand visited Sarajevo 1. Heir to Austrian throne 2. Bosnia-home to many Slavs B. The Black Hand 1. Serbian terrorist group 2. Gavrilo Princip-assassinated archduke June 28, 1914
This picture is still widely identified as showing Gavrilo Princip's arrest. However, the figure under detention does not resemble Princip and is perhaps another member of the group of assassins. It has also been suggested that he is a German passerby who saved Princip from being lynched and was seized in the confusion of the moment 1911 Graf und Stift Rois De Blougne tourer in which the Archduke Francis Ferdinand was riding at the time of his assassination.
C. Austria Strikes 1. Austria sent Serbia ultimatum 2. Germany backed Austria 3. Serbia agreed to most terms 4. July 28-Austria declared war on Serbia D. Alliances 1. Russia backed Serbia 2. August 1- Germany declared war on Russia a. France backed Russia b. Germany declared war on France
E. Germany Invades Belgium 1. Schlieffen Plan-avoid two front war 2. Attack France first 3. Must march through Belgium A. Germany invaded Belgium August 3 B. Britain declared war on Germany Aug. 4
Reaction to the War The outbreak of war brought relief from domestic problems Governments insisted they were fighting for a better world Young men rushed to enlist Women cheered them on-the war seemed like an exciting adventure