Presentation on theme: "The Great War “World War One”. Causes Immediate cause: assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand –Heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne Primary Causes."— Presentation transcript:
Causes Immediate cause: assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand –Heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne Primary Causes –M: Militarism –A: Alliances –I: Imperialism –N: Nationalism
MILITARISM Build up of huge standing armies and navies –Arms race between Germany and Great Britain to build warships –German U-Boats Submarines –Used for blockades –Leads to unrestricted submarine warfare
ALLIANCES Triple Alliance –Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary AH blames Serbia for assassination, looks for Germany backing AH declares war on Serbia, Germany declares war on Russia and then France Triple Entente (Allied powers) –France, Russia, Great Britain later joined by the U.S. When Austria declares war on Serbia, the Serbs will turn to Russia for assistance
IMPERIALISM European nations fight over colonies in Asia and Africa
NATIONALISM Extreme pride in one’s country or ethnic group –Leads to military build up due to military competition between countries Self-determination: people who belong to a nation should have their own country and government –the Balkans Area ruled by Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Empire Serbs, Bosnians, Croats, Slovenes see themselves as one people –Push for independence
Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand the spark that starts the war!! June 28, 1914: Archduke Ferdinand and his wife visit Bosnian capital of Sarajevo –Shot by Bosnian revolutionary Member of group “Black Hand” –said that Serbian officials knew of plot Let the crazy alliance system begin!!
SLUTZ Reasons why the United States entered WWI S: Sussex L: Lusitania U: Unrestricted submarine warfare T: Ties with Great Britain Z: Zimmerman note
SUSSEX The Sussex: French merchant ship sunk by German U-boats –1916 b/c Germany didn’t want U.S. to enter war, agrees to Sussex pledge –Germany promises not to sink anymore merchant/civilian ships without warning
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare Feb 1915 –Germany announces unrestricted U-boat attacks even on civilian vessels Aimed to destroy British supply lines No ship safe regardless of what flag they flew! Feb 3- March 21, 1917 U-boats sink 6 U.S. merchant ships w/o warning
TIES WITH BRITAIN American connections with British culture Anti-German propaganda
Zimmerman Note January 19, 1917 German ambassador writes to Mexico –Promises to help Mexico regain lost territories of TX, NM, AZ If Mexico allied itself with Germany were the U.S. and Germany to go to war Letter leaked to the press
On the first of February, we intend to begin unrestricted submarine warfare. In spite of this, it is our intention to endeavor to keep the United States of America neutral. In the event of this not succeeding, we propose an alliance on the following basis with Mexico: That we shall make war together and make peace together. We shall give generous financial support, and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona. The details of settlement are left to you. You are instructed to inform the President [of Mexico] of the above in the greatest confidence as soon as it is certain that there will be an outbreak of war with the United States and suggest that the President, on his own initiative, invite Japan to immediate adherence with this plan; at the same time, offer to mediate between Japan and ourselves. Please call to the attention of the President that the ruthless employment of our submarines now offers the prospect of compelling England to make peace in a few months.