Social Classes Most people are Mestizos. They are poor and cannot own land. Very few are Peninsulares Very wealthy and have all power and land. Are these groups equal? What do you think is going to happen?
Road to Democracy 1821 - Rebellion led by a Criollo priest Miguel Hidalgo leads to Mexican independence. Wealthy peninsulares still own all land and hold all power. Mexican Revolution 1910 – 1920 Became a democratic republic
Mexico Oil Reform Current President Pena Nieto pushing for reform He wants to open the industry to private investors. Foreign investors would bring the kinds of technology needed to tap the billions of unattainable oil in the country.
“Mexico could make North America the world leader in oil production”
Impacts of privatizing This would lead to competition and cheaper oil!!! Opens the door for U.S investors Could limit cash flow to the Mexican government.
Drug Trafficking 10 Billion dollar industry Divisions among rival drug cartels leads to violence in areas that overlap. 47,515 had died in drug war violence between Dec. 1, 2006, and Sept. 11 Use of terrorism to maintain control Beheadings, car bombs, kidnappings Government Corruption Those who oppose are threatened or assassinated
Drug Trafficking – Why Mexico? Weak local and State governments Increased international success combating drug smuggling in Colombia and the Caribbean Increased drug consumption in Mexico Ease of buying guns in the U.S and transporting them to Mexico.