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Physical Features of Europe
Peninsula of Peninsulas
Europe is a large peninsula that consists of many smaller peninsulas Most places in Europe are no more than 300 miles from an ocean or sea
Northern Peninsulas The Scandinavian Peninsula is made up of Norway and Sweden and is bounded by the Norwegian, North, and Baltic Seas Glaciers created fjords – steep U-shaped valleys that connect to the sea and that filled with seawater after the glaciers melted
Northern Peninsulas The Jutland Peninsula forms the largest part of Denmark and a small part of Germany The Jutland Peninsula consists of gently rolling hills and swampy low-lying areas which are different than the rocky land of the Scandinavian Peninsula
Southern Peninsulas The Iberian Peninsula is home to Spain and Portugal. The Pyrenees Mountains block it off from the rest of Europe The Italian Peninsula is home to Italy. It is shaped like a boot, extends into the Mediterranean Sea The Balkan Peninsula is bordered by the Adriatic, Mediterranean, and Aegean Seas. It’s mountains make transportation difficult
Islands The larger islands are Great Britain, Ireland, Iceland, and Greenland all located in the North Atlantic The smaller islands are Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, and Crete all located in the Mediterranean Sea
MOUNTAINS The Alps cut Italy off from the rest of Europe just as the Pyrenees restrict movement from France to Spain and Portugal The Apennines divide the Italian Peninsula into east and west while the Balkans block off the Balkan Peninsula from the rest of Europe Resulted in the isolation of ethnic groups from each other
These are the Alps, which are the most famous mountain range in Europe
Rivers Rivers are used to transport goods between coastal harbors and the inland region 2 major rivers: Danube and Rhine The Rhine flows from the interior to the North Sea while the Danube flows west to east through Europe touching 9 countries
Volga River The Volga River begins near Moscow and is the longest river on the European continent
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