2 Objectives Define “renaissance” Explain the characteristics of Renaissance artApply knowledge of the characteristics by identifying their use in an example from the periodRecognize important artists/work of the period
3 “Rebirth” of art and learning Italy wanted to bring back the classical learning of ancient Greece and Rome1300 – 1600 AD
4 Renaissance Values Art Literature Importance of the Individual (humanism)Secular Wealth (worldly wealth, not spiritual)Classical EducationPhilosophy and History
5 Merchant Class Dominated Society Wealth was earned through business, not inherited by noblesMedici Family was a powerful banking family in Florence, ItalyCosimo de Medici – the wealthiest European controlled the city-state of Florence
6 Characteristics of Renaissance Art Perspective ( three dimensions)Individualism - Human Body, facialexpressionReligious subjects(Madonna with child)NatureRealism in detailand color
7 How did art change from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance?
9 The Last Supper: Leonardo DaVinci Classic example of perspective
10 How does this painting reflect Renaissance Characteristics?
11 Renaissance ArtRealism – images emphasize human characteristics such as facial expressions, body features. Colors – true to life, use of light and dark Perspective – three dimensional, smaller background Individual person/people focus Religious subjects
12 Michelangelo Painter/Sculptor 1512, Michelangelo's frescoes of the Sistine Chapel in Rome were first shown to the public.It took four years to paint the detailed Biblical scenes.Most famous sculpture was “David”
15 DonatelloSculptorBest known for bronze and marble figures
16 Leonardo DaVinci Painter, Sculptor, Scientist “Mona Lisa.” Believed to be an image of Lisa Gherardini (1503) Wife of a wealthy businessman from Florence named Francesco del Giocondo. It’s Italian name, “La Gioconda.”
17 Some people think the Mona Lisa was DaVinci’s self portrait as a woman; this idea, while interesting is considered not likely by experts
18 RaphaelPainter , Realism Work “School of Athens”
19 Machiavelli Famous Book -The Prince (writer, philosopher) Fear is a better motivator than affection “better to be feared than loved”Politics as the art of deceptionHitler kept a copy under his bed!
20 IX. Spread of Humanism to the Rest of Europe William Shakespeare ( ) England.Playwright – human themesMacbeth: ambitionHamlet: individualismRomeo and Juliette: Tragic Love
21 Summary FrameThe Renaissance began in ____________ and lasted from ____________ to _____________. During this time the values of _______,_________,_______, and __________ were important. Artist such as ___________ and __________ displayed the characteristics of __________,__________, _________, in their work. The idea of _______________ or the importance of individuals spread to ____________. It was a “rebirth” of ____________ from ancient ________and __________.
22 Can you define… Humanism Realism Perspective Renaissance Patron VernacularPietyClassical EducationPrinting Press
23 Sistine Chapel David Mona Lisa The Last Supper Hamlet Do you know who created these important works? How do these works demonstrate Renaissance characteristics? Artist CharacteristicsSistine ChapelDavidMona LisaThe Last SupperHamletRomeo and JulietteThe PrinceUtopiaThe Praise of Folly