2 ClimateAlthough Russia has almost every climate region it is mostly Subarctic and Humid Continental
3 VegetationTundra – permafrost grasslands with scattered shrubs in the northTaiga – dense evergreen forestIdeal for Russian lumber industryChernozem – means “black earth” steppe- grassland regionSouthern RussiaIdeal for agricultureTundraTaigaChernozem
4 RUSSIAN PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY “Transcontinental countries” touch two or more continentsCountries that touch both European and Asian continents are called EurasiaUral Mountains is the primary boundary of the two continentsEUROPEASIABeyond the Ural Mountains there are 9 other landforms that separate Europe from Asia, how many can you guess?
5 Ural MountainsUral RiverCaspian SeaCaucasus Mt. (origin of the word Caucasian)Black SeaBosporus StraitMarmara Sea (smallest sea)Dardanelles StraitAegean SeaMediterraneanHOW MANY COUNTRIES ARE EURASIAN?
6 There are 5 countries that make up Eurasia, what are they? RussiaKazakhstanAzerbaijanGeorgiaTurkeyASIAEUROPE
7 Russia’s Southern Boundary Black sea, Caucasus Mountains, Caspian Sea, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and China
8 RUSSIAN LAKES Russia’s largest lake in the Caspian Sea Caspian is a Sea due to its size and salt content, however, by definition a lake is a landlocked body of waterIt is about the same size as CaliforniaCaspian Sea contain large amounts of oil
9 LAKE BAIKALLargest fresh water lake in the world in volume. Second only to the Caspian Sea in size.5370 feet deepContains 20% of all the worlds fresh water1,085 species of plants and 1,550 species and varieties of animals – many are found only here.Scientist believe there are still many species left to find, but water is too dark and deep to explore
12 ARAL SEA Aral Sea is also a lake Aral Sea is shrinking – WHY Shrinking Aral SeaAral Sea is also a lakeAral Sea is shrinking – WHYEnvironmental and climatic changesDiversion of water from the Syr Darya and Amu Darya riversPoor management of resources has damaged the region’s environment
13 VOLGA RIVER Nearly 75% of Russia’s population lives in Europe Largest River in RussiaEleven out of Russia’s 20 largest cities are located on the Volga (Including Moscow)Nearly 75% of Russia’s population lives in Europe
14 SIBERIA Means “STEPPING LAND” All land located east of the Ural MountainsNo warm ocean currents reach RussiaMany resources; timber, oil, and coal mining
15 SIBERIATWO REGIONSWest Siberian Plain – is flat frozen tundra and woodlandsCentral Siberian Plateau – located in mid- Asia (high flat peaks)