Presentation on theme: "Sonnet 130 by William Shakespeare"— Presentation transcript:
1 Sonnet 130 by William Shakespeare An unconventional love poem about the “Dark Lady”Shakespeare wrote over 20 poems about the Dark Lady who remains a mysterious figure. We try and build up a picture of her from the poem.Images of the authors are courtesy of The University of Texas at Austin.
2 But in his unconventional love poem Shakespeare In a conventional love poem the writer would exaggerate how beautiful his mistress is:My mistress' eyes are morefantastic than the sun;But in his unconventional love poem Shakespeareunderplays how beautiful his mistress is:What effect does this line have on the reader? “My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun;” Does it make us wonder what her eyes are like?My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun;He has turned around the convention of exaggerated praise
3 He carries on with the unconventional approach in the next lines desirable featureHer lips aren't redPink-orange colourCoral is far more red than her lips' redSomethingof a clicheThe conventionalGrey brown colourIf snow be white, why then her breasts are dunIs he saying she is notbeautiful or is he sayingshe is beautiful in a different way?Can we answer thisor do we need to read on?
4 In the next lines he moves on to describe other physical features If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.So she is notconventionallybeautifulGold wires were usedin head-dress andcompared to golden hairBlondes were morehighly ratedmixedI have seen roses damask'd, red and whiteIs he disparaging his mistress or do these lines enhance the idea of unconventional beauty?But she doesn’thave this complexionBut no such roses see I in her cheeks;
5 The author moves from how she looks to how she smells And in some perfumes is there more delightThan in the breath that from my mistress reeks.Smells- the worddidn’t have anegative meaning inShakespeare’s timeHe’s not saying the smell ofher breath is unpleasant -just that perfume smells sweeterIn conventional love poemsyou would say her breath wassweeter than perfumeBut Shakespeare takes anunconventional approach
6 The next feature is the sound of her voice I love to hear her speak, yet well I knowThat music hath a far more pleasing sound;He’s not being critical of her voice:all he’s saying is that musichas a more pleasing soundIn the conventional lovepoem the writerwould say that her voicewas sweeter than music
7 The poet describes how his mistress walks I admitto youI’ve never seena goddess walkI grant I never saw a goddess go;My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground:My mistress walks like anyone else,on the ground, rather than floating through the airIn a conventional lovepoem she would bedescribed asa goddessHe’s stressing his mistress is no goddess.
8 So does the poet think that his mistress is beautiful or what? The last 2 lines tell usDirect statement, tellingus what he thinksexceptionalAnd yet, by heaven, I think my love as rareAs any she belied with false compare.For emphasisThe poet thinks she’sbeautiful but doesn’t wantto describe her in a cliched way.She is as beautiful asany woman who is praisedwith false comparisons
9 A sonnet has 14 lines rhyme scheme The first 12 lines are ABAB 3 quatrainsGroups of 4 linesMy mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun;Coral is far more red than her lips' red;If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.With aclosing coupletAnd yet, by heaven, I think my love as rareAs any she belied with false compare.Sums things up