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Chapter 18 The Age of Reform

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1 Chapter 18 The Age of Reform
Section One: The Progressive Movement

2 I. The Progressive Spirit
Focused on plight of workers, poor sanitation, corrupt political machines Usually middle or upper class, college educated Women and progressivism Joined as a way to influence politics

3 II. Progressive Issues A dangerous workplace Social problems
Steel mill- 25% injured or killed a year Wanted- 8 hr day, minimum wage, safer working conditions, end to child labor Social problems Election reforms Science and technology to solve social problems

4 III. Inspiration for Reform
Muckraking press Spread the message McClure’s Magazine “raked up” and exposed the muck, or filth of society Tarbell and Standard Oil Focused on business practices of John D. Rockefeller Muckraking books Lincoln Steffens- Shame of Cities Ray Stannard Baker- African American Injustices, lynching

5 IV. Writers and Social Problems
Harsh effects of industrial society Theodore Dreiser Edith Wharton Herbert Croly

6 Reforming the New Industrial Order
Section Two Reforming the New Industrial Order

7 I. Reforming the Workplace
10 hrs a day, 6 days, $1.50 a day= men Female and child laborers Worked for less Labor Laws Limit child labor Improve conditions Limited hours Higher wages- minimum-wage law

8 II. The Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
March 25, 1911, New York City fire in the factory- workers stuck inside 143 workers die in fire

9 III. Progressivism and the Supreme Court
Most early legislation overturned Fourteenth Amendment- “any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law”

10 IV. Labor Unions Fought for workers AFL- American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers ILGWU- International Ladies Garment Workers Union “Uprising of 20,000”- strike Mixed results IWW- Industrial Workers of the World Socialist Short lived

11 Section Three Reforming Society

12 I. Cleaning up the city Cleaning up City planning
Better housing, improve public education Garbage collection ,health care, police, and fire protection Playgrounds and parks City planning Park construction, building codes, sanitation standards, and zoning

13 II. Moral Reform The passage of prohibition Moviegoing
Anti-Saloon League and the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union Eighteenth Amendment- 1917 Repealed in 1933 Moviegoing 5 or 10 cent movie ticket Nickelodeons Reformers demanded that movies be censored

14 III. Progressives and Racial Discrimination
Views of Du Bois African American influential leader Early civil rights leader African Americans organize National Association for the Advancement of Colored People- NAACP- 1909 Used court system National Urban League Fought for civil rights American Indians 1. Society of American Indians

15 IV. Immigrants and Assimilation
Mixed results discrimination Americanization- assimilation 1. Taught to read, write, and speak English

16 Assignment You are to plan your own Industrial city. On a piece of paper sketch a city that will attract employers and residents. Include in your sketch all improvements that were covered in the last few chapters. Should be included: Jobs- Industrial center Residential library Parks Social Services- police station, Fire, etc. Sports and leisure streets Schools suburbs

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