2 1890-1917 known as the progressive movement, large campaign for social, economic, andpolitical reform.Goal- Easing the suffering of the urban poor,Improving working conditions, & reforminggovernmentFocused primarily on urban problems
3 Progressives Areas of Reform Reform Society- Housing, Civil Rights (NAACP & ADL)Reform the Workplace- Labor laws (10 hour work days), Unions3. Reform Government- corrupt politicians and practices (PoliticalMachines)
4 If you could change one thing about America, what would it be and why? Pair ShareIf you could change one thing about America, what would it be and why?
6 Fighting for Civil Rights Progressives fought prejudice in society by forming various reform groups.NAACPNational Association for the Advancement of Colored PeopleFormed in 1909 by a multiracial group of activists to fight for the rights of African Americans1913: Protested the official introduction of segregation in federal government1915: Protested the D. W. Griffith film Birth of a Nation because of hostile African American stereotypes, which led to the film’s banning in eight statesADLAnti-Defamation LeagueFormed by Sigmund Livingston, a Jewish man in Chicago, in 1913Fought anti-Semitism, or prejudice against Jews, which was common in AmericaFought to stop negative stereotypes of Jews in mediaThe publisher of the New York Times was a member and helped stop negative references to Jews
7 Populism vs. Progressivism Populism- a rural movementbased on unfairbusiness practices (Farmers)Progressivism- urban movement basedon the conditions of the workers, sanitation,and political machines
8 The ProgressivesThe progressives were native born, middle orupper class, and well educatedAttracted toMen and WomenDoctorsSmall Business ownersTeachers
9 Progressive IssuesA dangerous WorkplaceA major concern was how corporate Americadid businessIn 1910, 70% of all Americans worked anaverage of 54 hours/weekAs a result, American workers had a higheraccident rate than any other country
16 These conditions led Progressives to demand limits on corporate powersPromoted laws to prohibit monopoliesCalled for an 8 hour work dayMinimum wageSafer working conditionsLaws to stop child labor
17 Pair ShareDiscuss poor working conditions in factories during the IR. Create an illustration depicting your thoughts.
18 The Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire In 1911, a gruesome disaster in New York inspired progressives to fight for safety in the workplace.About 500 women worked for the Triangle Shirtwaist Company, a high-rise building sweatshop that made women’s blouses.Just as they were ending their six-day workweek, a small fire broke out, which quickly spread to three floors.Escape was nearly impossible, as doors were locked to prevent theft, the flimsy fire escape broke under pressure, and the fire was too high for fire truck ladders to reach.More than 140 women and men died in the fire, marking a turning point for labor and reform movements.With the efforts of Union organizer Rose Schneiderman and others, New York State passed the toughest fire-safety laws in the nation, as well as factory inspection and sanitation laws.New York laws became a model for workplace safety nationwide.
20 Election ReformsProgressives wanted fairer elections and to make politicians more accountable to voters.Proposed a direct primary, or an…Backed the Seventeenth Amendment, which …Some measures Progressives fought for includeDirect primary:17th Amendment:secret ballot:initiative:referendum:recall: