3 Peace is the idealMost religious believers accept that war is sometimes a ‘necessary evil’So a set of rules has been formulated to judge whether a war is ‘just’
4 The rules have been developed over centuries St. Thomas Aquinas came up with the JUST WAR theory.This outlines the conditions under which Christians could justify going to war.
5 A Just WarA Just War is….A war that is fought for the right reasons and in the right way.There are 7 just war principles to remember!!!!!
6 The war must be fought for a JUST CAUSE The war must be fought for a JUST CAUSE. There has to be a just or moral reason such as defending a nation under attack or trying to stop tyranny
7 The politicians must make the most important decisions The war must be fought by the PROPER AUTHORITY of a government or the United Nations.The politicians must make the most important decisions
8 It must be fought with the RIGHT INTENTION, it must be fought to restore peace. A war can be fought if it is believed that it would prevent a greater evil. Most people argue that Britain and her allies, by taking on the Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler, prevented greater evil from happening
9 A war is just if it is begun as the LAST RESORT, all non violent means of solving the conflict must have been tried and failed before you turn to war
10 There must be a REASONABLE CHANCE OF SUCCESS There must be a REASONABLE CHANCE OF SUCCESS. You cannot go to war and waste the lives of brave soldiers for something which you have very little chance of winning, lives should not be wasted.
11 There must be CONTROLLED VIOLENCE There must be CONTROLLED VIOLENCE. Every effort must be made to make sure that as little violence as possible is used to achieve victory and methods should AVOID KILLING CIVILIANS
12 The force used in the war must be PROPORTIONAL to the cause The force used in the war must be PROPORTIONAL to the cause. It would not be proportional to drop a nuclear weapon on a small country for invading a small island.
13 Why Do Christians Believe in Just War St Paul said in Romans 13 and Titus 3 that Christians must obey the orders of the GOVERNMENTJesus never condemned the soldiers the met and commended their faith in Luke 7When Jesus was asked about paying takes he said “Give to Caesar what is Caesar’s” which must mean fighting in a ‘just war’ ordered by the governmentEveryone including Christians agree that a police force is needed to protect innocent people from criminals. In the same way an army is needed to police the world and fight ‘just wars’ in order to protect innocent countries from criminal ones