8 Understanding a Recipe The basics so you can find your way
9 Recipe Formats 1. Standard form a. ingredients first b. assembly directions1) step by step2. Combination forma. ingredients and assembly directions togetherb. on food packages(hamburger helper)
10 Parts of a Recipe A recipe usually includes: Quesadillas Name What the recipe is called.A recipe usually includes:Quesadillas(Serves per person)8 flour tortillas1 cup grated cheese1. Heat a frying pan over medium heat.2. Place a tortilla in the pan.3. Sprinkle 1/4 cup cheese on the tortilla.4. Cover the cheese with another tortilla.5. Cook about 1 minute, until brown and crisp. Then turn the quesadilla over. Cook until the cheese melts.6. Place on a serving plate. Cut into pie shaped wedges.7. Repeat process with remaining ingredients.Yield Number of servings the recipe makes.Ingredients Food products you need to make the recipe.EquipmentDirections Steps you follow to make the recipe.
11 Name the Abbreviations The U.S. uses the English system:TeaspoonTablespoonCupPintQuartGallonOunce/fluid ouncePoundtsp. or t.Tbsp. or T.c.pt.qt.gal.oz./fl. oz.lb.
12 More abbreviations: Few grains, dash, pinch Dozen f.g. Inch Second MinuteHourDegreeFahrenheit/Celsiusf.g.doz.in.sec.min.hr.F./C.
13 Abbreviations Pop Quiz What do these stand for?lb. ____________L ____________tsp. or t. ____________ F. ____________qt. ____________fl. oz. ____________PoundLiterteaspoonFahrenheitquartFluid ounce
15 Measuring Liquid Ingredients Liquid ingredients can include:Milk, water, oil, juice, vanilla extract, etc.To measure 1/4 cup or more of a liquid ingredient, use a clear, liquid measuring cup.Place the cup on level surface and read measurements at eye level.For smaller amounts use measuring spoons.Fill the spoon until a slight dome is visible.
16 Measuring Dry Ingredients Measuring flour:Do not pack the flour into the measuring cup or spoon because you will end up with more flour. Instead, scoop flour into the cup and level with a spatula or knife.
17 Measuring brown sugar: Pack the brown sugar tightly into the measuring cup or spoon. Once it is packed down, level it with a straight edge or knife.Measuring granulated sugar:Fill the cup with sugar. Level with the back of a spatula or knife so that sugar is even with top of measuring cup or spoon.
18 Measuring Dry Ingredients Dry ingredients can include:Flour, sugar, brown sugar, salt, and baking powder.To measure 1/4 cup or more of a dry ingredient use a measuring cup.Measuring cups generally come in1/4, 1/3, 1/2, and 1 cup sizes.
19 To measure less than a ¼ cup use a measuring spoon To measure 1/8th tsp.many sets come with a 1/8th spoon
20 Which measuring utensil would you use to measure each of these ingredients? 1 1/3 cups flour1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder1/2 cup milk2 tablespoons cooking oil
21 Pass the Cup Dry/solid measure check-up: Which of these amounts is greater? Write the amount.1/2 cup or 3/4 cup1/4 cup or 1/3 cup1/4 cup or 2 Tbsp.1/2 cup or 1/4 cup1/4 cup or 3 tsp.1 1/3 cup or 1 1/4 cup______________________________________________________________________________
22 Measuring Solid Ingredients Sticks of butter and margarine have measurements marked on the wrapper.One stick = 1/2 cup or 8 tablespoons
23 Measure solid fats, such as shortening or peanut butter, in a dry measuring cup. Pack it into the cup and level it with a spatula. Then use a plastic scraper to remove it from the cup.
24 Basic Equivalents Dry/Liquid equivalents: Equivalents are amounts that are equal to each other.They are useful when you must alter or change a recipe to serve more or less people than the recipe yields.Dry/Liquid equivalents:Pinch or Dash = less than 1/8 teaspoon1 Tablespoon = 3 teaspoons1/4 cup = 4 Tablespoons1/3 cup = 5 Tablespoons & 1 teaspoon1/2 cup = 8 Tablespoons3/4 cup = 12 Tablespoons1 cup = 16 Tablespoons
26 How Do You Measure Up? BONUS What is half of 2/3 cup? If a recipe calls for one egg and you want to cut the recipe in half, how might you half an egg?Answer: 1 large egg = 1/4 cup. Crack egg into bowl and mix with fork. Pour out approximately1/2 or 2 tablespoons of egg.
27 Now you should be ready to get started in the kitchen