Presentation on theme: "Early Cultures Early humans were hunter-gatherers until they discovered agriculture. An advanced society developed because of agriculture…people stopped."— Presentation transcript:
1 Early CulturesEarly humans were hunter-gatherers until they discovered agriculture. An advanced society developed because of agriculture…people stopped being nomads and settled in an area, grew their own food and made machines to make life more efficient.
2 History IDs Ancestors Agriculture Tool Society Hunter-gatherers A relative who lived in the past.FarmingToolSocietyAny handheld object that has been modified to help a person accomplish a task.A community of people who share a common culture.Hunter-gatherersIce AgePeople who hunt animals and gather wild plants, seeds, fruits, and nuts to survive.Long periods of freezing weather between 1.6 million to 10,000 years ago.Migrate-Paleolithic Erato moveThe “old stone age” from 2.5 million years ago to about 10,000 years ago.Domestication-changing plants or animals to make them more useful to humans.Neolithic EraThe “new stone age” from about 10,000 years ago to about 5,000 years ago.
3 GeographyAt times in our planet’s history, huge sheets of ice and snow called glaciers covered large areas of the earth.Glaciers would advance and retreat ~ there were warm periods and periods of intense cold. During the cold, glaciers would advance; during the warm, they would retreatAfter the Ice Ages, the ocean level dropped and exposed land bridges.This allowed people to migrate around the world ~ to follow the animals they hunted into new lands.This also forced people to move and adapt to new environments.
4 Economics & PoliticsThere was no real need for economics OR politics in the hunter-gatherer cultures.They took care of each other and needs were metMen were hunters, women were gatherers and child-bearersNo ruler ~ usually just an older man/woman that was respected
5 Religion Worship of God, gods or spirits Prayed to ancestors As populations grew, they performed religious ceremoniesEarly humans probably believed all things in nature had a spiritSome think cave paintings honor spirits of animals killed for food
6 Society and Culture Early humans lived in small groups Started out as Hunter-gatherersWhen they moved to farming and survival was more certain, people began to focus on activities other than finding foodThey began to build permanent settlements and populations grewAgriculture allowed for an advanced society to develop
7 Science and Technology Prehistory – time before writing was invented but we know tools were usedStone Ages – divided into 3 periods based on types of tools used.A. Paleolithic Era – “Old Stone Age”1. Tools:A. Used to process foodB. Sharpened stones – choppersC. Hand axD. SpearE. Increased chances for survival
9 Science and Technology cont. 2. Language – developed to improve communication3. ArtA. Carved figures out of stone, ivory and boneB. Painted and carved images on cave walls to teach religious beliefs, express themselves and teach hunting practices4. Clothing – animal skins sewn together5. Shelter – provided protection from the coldA. CavesB. Pit housesC. Tents made of animal skinsD. Permanent structures made of wood, stone, clay or animal bones
10 B. Mesolithic Era – “Middle Stone Age” 1. More Complex tools- Fish hooks and spears- Bow and arrow- Canoes- Pottery- PetsNeolithic Era – “New Stone Age”1. Tools-saws and drills-made fireLearned to plant seeds and grow crops – agriculture3. Domestication of plants and animals