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Published byBerniece Tucker Modified over 7 years ago
1. Cause: Ships sailed from many African ports to Arabia, Persia, and India. Effect: By 1500, Africa had been linked to the rest of the world for centuries.
2. Cause: The king of Ghana taxed all the gold and salt passing through his kingdom. Effect: He grew wealthy and was able to pay for an Army and build an empire.
3. Cause: Muslim empires wanted to convert Ghana’s people and control the gold trade. Effect: A Muslim Army conquered Kumbi Saleh, weakening Ghana’s power.
4. Cause: Mali was located farther south than Ghana. Effect: It was better able to control trade on the upper Niger River.
5. Cause: The legend of Mali’s wealth spread to Europe. Effect: Europeans began to trade with Africa.
6. Cause: Moroccan fighting force invaded Songhai with cannon and gunpowder. Effect: Moroccan troops quickly defeated the Songhai warriors.
7. Cause: Benin was located on main trade routes. Effect: It grew prosperous.
Ghana West African empire that grew rich from taxing the gold and salt trade
Islam Religion with one God - Allah
Mali Most powerful West African state
Songhai West African empire with several Muslim rulers
Yoruba People who lived southwest of Niger River who were farmers and gifted artists
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