Presentation on theme: "The Industrial Revolution in America"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Industrial Revolution in America Chapter 12 Section 1The Industrial Revolution in America
2 The Industrial Revolution in America In the 1700’s Europe began to change, more and more people moved to the cities and there was a need for machines so the Industrial Revolution startedTextile IndustryFirst breakthrough industry1769- Richard Arkwright invented a spinning machine called a water frameCould produce dozens of cotton threads at the same timeLarge mills started to pop up
3 The Industrial Revolution in America New MachinesNew processes in business started and items became more efficient to make which means more profitSamuel SlaterAn British Mechanic snuck out of Britain and came to the U.S. brining the memorized designs of textile machines with himWith a partner opened a textile mill in Pawtucket, RIHis wife invented a new thread for sewing and he grew the industryMills grew in the north due to money, and rivers, agriculture grew in the south
4 The Industrial Revolution in America 1789- Eli Whitney gave proposals for mass-producing guns for war, this could be applied to other areasHe also started using interchangeable partsGave machines and ease of manufacturing, since parts were the sameEven with these ideas manufacturing didn’t take off right away.
5 The Industrial Revolution in America Secretary of the Treasury Albert Gallatin didn’t think people would work in factories, they would rather own their own piece of land.U.S. workers also wanted higher wages compared to British workersCosts were less in Britain which hurt U.S. competitivenessThe ideas changed after the war of 1812.