Presentation on theme: "Han Dynasty. End of the Qin In 221BC, the Qin Dynasty was overthrown 4 years after Qin’s death. –Dynasty lasted less than 20 years. Peasants had risen."— Presentation transcript:
End of the Qin In 221BC, the Qin Dynasty was overthrown 4 years after Qin’s death. –Dynasty lasted less than 20 years. Peasants had risen up… –Liu Pang, a peasant, rose up and consolidated control. –Changes name to Han Gaozu “Exalted Emperor of the Han”
A New Dynasty Han Gaozu kept some of the Qin policies… –Keeps the empire divided into provinces. But, he discards the legalism of the Qin. –Review: What is legalism? Instead, the Han Dynasty begins teaching Confucianism in schools. –Review: What is Confucianism?
Expansion From 141BC to 86BC a Han ruler named Han Wudi, expands the empire to the south and the West. –Drove barbarians invaders back beyond the Great Wall. Extends it Experienced 150 years of peace. Trade flourishes along the Silk Road.
Stretched 4000 miles from China to the Mediterranean. Mostly Luxury Goods –Why? Camel Caravans were expensive. China: Silk, Spices, Tea, Porcelain. India: Ivory, Textiles, Stones, Pepper. Rome: Wool and linen clothes, glass, stones.
Key Contributions During the Han dynasty, the educational system, arts, public works, and scientific invention and discovery flourished. Some inventions… – Better rudders and rigging for ships. Sail into the wind. –Paper –Water clocks Use dripping water to tell time.
Seismograph… –Capable of detecting and identifying the epicenter of earthquakes up to 400 miles from the Chinese capital. –Earth tremors would set off an alarm, causing a silver ball in the mouth of one of eight dragons to fall into the mouth of a frog at the base of the device, indicating direction.
Decline and Fall of the Han Several factors led to the decline and collapse of the Han –Han rulers became focused on the pleasures of noble life. –Wealthy bought up large amounts of land, forcing farmers off their land. –Barbarians (Huns) began raiding again from the north. By 190AD rebel peasant armies sacked the capital. –The Han were finished, but… The next great dynasty would not arise for 400 years.
Create a Venn Diagram to compare and contrast the Han Dynasty (202BC-220AD) with the Roman Empire (509BC-476AD). Think about… Government Expansion Social Life/Culture Collapse