Misconception of Public Speakers Great speakers are born, not made. Good speaking should be easy right away. Speaking will always be as difficult as when you are first learning it. Speakers and listeners are different people.
Misconceptions Simple formulas exist to become an effective public speaker. Public speaking is best conceived as a performance, like acting. Public speaking is best conceived as a form of composition, like writing.
Types of Apprehension General vs. Specific Facilitative vs. Debilitative
Learning Skills-Four Stages Stage 1 Unconscious incompetence –The person is not aware that he/she is making errors in some areas and may be unaware that there is a skill to be learned Unconscious incompetence –The person is not aware that he/she is making errors in some areas and may be unaware that there is a skill to be learned
Stage 2 Conscious incompetence –A person has made the realization that she/he is doing something ineptly, and that there is room for improvement. In many cases, this awareness creates anxiety, which actually increases incompetence.
Stage 3 Stage 3 Conscious Competence –In this stage a person has taken a skill in which she/he feels incompetent, has improved, and then devotes a portion of consciousness to performing it competently
Stage 4 Unconscious Competence –Now a person has integrated the learned skills well enough that she/he need not devote conscious effort/attention to maintaining competence. –The skills comes naturally, effortlessly
Guidelines for Controlling Apprehension Choose a topic you like and know a great deal. Prepare yourself thoroughly. Do not read or memorize your speech. Regard your speech as communication and not a performance. Imagine or visualize yourself giving a strong speech.
Guidelines for Controlling Apprehension Analyze your audience prior to your speech. Never call attention to your nervousness. Do not let your audience upset you. Use visual aids. Check arrangements in advance. Devote extra time for an effective introduction.
Guidelines for Controlling Apprehension Breathe deeply or do exercises to relieve apprehension. Act poised. Pause a few moments before starting your speech. Look directly at your audience as much as possible. Get audience’s attention during speech.
Guidelines for Controlling Apprehension Use body language to dissipate nervous energy. Do not be afraid to make mistakes. Welcome the experience. BE POSITIVE! Use CONFIDENCE!