Presentation on theme: "Insurance and Pension Fund Operations"— Presentation transcript:
1 Insurance and Pension Fund Operations CHAPTER 25Insurance and Pension Fund Operations
2 CHAPTER 25 OVERVIEW This chapter will: A. Describe the main uses of insurance company fundsB. Explain the exposure of insurance companies to various forms of riskC. Identify the factors that affect the value of insurance companiesD. Describe the common types of private pension plansE. Explain how pension funds are managed
3 Insurance CompanyProvide various insurance and investment services to individuals and charge a fee called premium.Life insurance, property and casualty insurance, health insurance, and business insurance.Adverse selection problem-those who are most likely to need insurance are most likely to purchase it.Moral hazard problem-insurance can cause the insured to take more risks because they are protected.
4 Premium Determination Premium is based on the probability of the condition under which the company will have to provide a payment to the insured (or beneficiary) and the potential size of the payment.CompetitionAdverse selection problemMoral hazard problem
5 Main Sources of Funds Insurance premium Provision of annuity plans, which offer a predetermined amount of retirement income to individuals.InvestmentEquity
6 Exhibit 25.1 Distribution of U.S. Life Insurance Company Income Source: 2007 Life Insurance Fact Book
7 Uses of Funds a. Government Securities b. Corporate Securities c. Mortgagesd. Real Estatee. Policy Loans
8 Exhibit 25.2 Assets of U.S. Life Insurance Companies Source: 2007 Life Insurance Fact Book
9 Exhibit 25.4 Assets of Property and Casualty Insurance Companies Source: Federal Reserve
11 Exhibit 25.6 Participation of Insurance Companies in Financial markets
12 Property and Casualty Reinsurance Property and casualty insurance commonly obtain reinsurance, which the insurance company allocates a portion of their return and risk to other insurance companies.
13 Regulation of Insurance Companies a. Regulated by state agenciesb. Insurance company agents must be licensedc. National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC)d. Regulation of Capital
14 D. Common Types of Pension Funds 1. Backgrounda. Public Pension Fundsb. Private Pension Plans1.) Defined-Benefit Plan2.) Defined-Contribution Planc. Underfunded Pensions
15 Pension and Pension Funds Pension plans provide a savings plan for employees that can be used for retirement, e.g. 401K. They receive premium from the employer and/or the employee.
16 Common Types of Pension Funds 1. Public pension fundsfor example, Social Security2. Private pension funds
17 Pension Fund Management 1. Management of Insured planspension funds are managed by life insurance companies. Contributions are often used to purchase annuity policies. The investment concentrates on bonds and mortgages.2. Management of Trust Portfoliospension funds are managed by the trust department of financial institutions such as commercial banks. The investment concentrates on stocks.
18 Exhibit 25.10 Participation of Pension Funds in Financial Markets