Too many students start college in remediation. 2
Too many entering freshmen need remediation. 3 51.7% of those entering a 2-year college enrolled in remediation 19.9% of those entering a 4-year college enrolled in remediation Source: Fall 2006 cohorts
Few Ever Get to Gateway 70% of students placed into remediation fail to enroll in a gateway course in two academic years 11
Policy Objectives for Gateway Course Success 12 1.Design STEM and non-STEM math options. 2.The default placement for most students will be gateway courses. 3.Provide additional academic support as corequisite, not prerequisite. 4.Establish a placement range instead of a single cut score.
What is Statewide Scale? A state system where... the vast majority of students... at the vast majority of institutions... receive academic support as a corequisite...... resulting in dramatic increases in the number of students completing gateway math and English courses in one academic year. 13
Guiding Objective Students complete gateway courses and enter programs of study in one academic year 14
15 Mathematics must be aligned with programs of study.
“College Algebra was designed explicitly to meet the needs of students who are preparing to take Precalculus and Calculus.” University System of Georgia Mathematics Task Force:
College Algebra’s Only Purpose : Preparation for Calculus College Algebra Calculus 17
One Semester Redesigned Gateway Extra Time 45 minutes after class Additional class periods Mandatory Tutoring Paired proctored labs Sequenced 5 weeks prep plus 10 weeks gateway content 20 Gateway
One Semester Corequisite Results 21 InstitutionSubject Traditional Model Corequisite Model CC of Baltimore County Accelerated Learning Model English 33%74% Austin Peay State University Structured Assistance English 49%70% Quantitative Reasoning 11%78% Statistics 8%65%
One Year Corequisite 22 Gateway Semester 1 Semester 2 Gateway Content Academic Support College Success Skills STEM Quantitative Reasoning Statistics
One Year Corequisite Results 23 Carnegie Statway Success in gateway math within one academic year
Aligned and Parallel Support in Technical Certificate Programs Technical Program Math and Language Skills 24 Tennessee Colleges of Applied Technology Work Keys/Keytrain Required, Proctored Lab Competency-based, Self-paced
TCAT Results 79% Graduation Rate All Complete Academic Support 25
Placement into gateway courses and programs of study 26
Plotting a Path to Programs of Study 27 High school Performance (GPA/Senior Year Courses) High School Transcripts Placement/Entrance Exams “Grit”
Plotting a Path to Programs of Study 28 Grit, like cognitive ability, falls within a normal distribution. Our current higher education system was built for students with high grit and high academic ability. We don’t know if we can teach grit – but we can remove the unnecessary barriers that prevent student success.
Current Model Enrolls Most Students into Remediation 29 Percent of Students Student Placement Data 30%70% Gateway Remediation
New Model Enrolls Most in College 30 Percent of Students Student Placement Data 30% 10% 60% Gateway Test Prep or Technical Certificate Gateway Course with Corequisite Support
A Broad Placement Range 31 Percent of Students Student Placement Data 30% 10% 60% Less than 2.0 HS GPA or ACT Below 14 or Equivalent 2.0 – 2.5 High School GPA or ACT 14-18 or Equivalent 2.5 High School GPA or ACT 19 or Equivalent
Goal of Assessment Reform : More Students in Gateway Courses DON’T: Try to build the perfect test Create a new rigid system for sorting students DO: Dismantle unnecessary barriers by placing the vast majority in gateway courses Accept that the majority of students need some support – cognitive and non-cognitive Provide that support in the college-level gateway course – as a co-requisite 32
Policy Objectives for Gateway Course Success 33 1.Design STEM and non-STEM math options. 2.The default placement for most students will be gateway courses. 3.Provide additional academic support as corequisite, not prerequisite. 4.Establish a placement range instead of a single cut score.