Presentation on theme: "Development of Western Thought & the Rise of Democratic Ideals"— Presentation transcript:
1 Development of Western Thought & the Rise of Democratic Ideals Democratic Development in England: The Glorious RevolutionEssential Question: How does the Glorious Revolution contribute to modern Ideas of democracy?
2 Essential Questions:How have people worked to gain individual rights and liberties?Why are individual liberties essential for citizens?What dramatic principles have developed over time?How does a government gain the legitimate right to rule?
5 FeudalismProvided a sense of security in the face of social and political turmoil
6 Divine Right of Kings Power comes directly from God Accountable to God not citizensAbsolute monarchs
7 English Common Law Established By Henry II 1154 King could not write new laws, but had to follow accepted customsHenry II found ways to expand customs into lawsLegal system based on custom & court rulingsStandardized laws and punishments
8 Magna Carta 1215 Forced king John to accept Protections for the common manFreedom from arrest, imprisonmentDue ProcessNobles had certain rights—later extended to all English citizensMonarchs had to obey the laws
9 Parliament Great Council Nobles & Clergy met at the House of Lords Knights & Middle-Class citizens met at the House of CommonsCould approve new taxes—checked and limited the power of the monarch
13 Stuarts were the Scottish relatives of the Tudors James I agreed to rule according to English laws and customs but behaved like absolute monarch
14 Clashed with Parliament Sent them home in 1611 & 1614Charles I becomes kingCharles I summoned Parliament and they revoltedDemanded the execution of the King’s chief ministersCharles sent troops to Parliament
15 The English Civil War 1642-1649 Between Charles I & Parliament Wealthy nobles support the KingRural landowners, manufactures, Puritan clergy support ParliamentOliver Cromwell’s army defeated the King
25 1688 Parliament invited James’s Protestant daughter Mary & her Dutch husband William III of Orange to become rulers of EnglandAs they arrive James II fled to FranceThis is know as a bloodless or glorious revolution
26 SignificanceLimited Monarchy: Constitution or legislative body limits the monarchs power.Destroyed divine right theoryKing serves by the grace of Parliament not God
27 The English Bill of Rights The king or queen could not cancel laws or impose taxes unless Parliament agreed.Free electionsNo excessive finesNo cruel punishmentsHabeas CorpusRight to bring complaints in front of the king or queenParliament meet frequentlyGovernment would be based on laws and the rights of its citizens, not the authority of a single ruler