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Devotional path to the Divine By, Abhishek Shah. Philosophy and Bhakti Bhakti ( devotion or portion)in practice signifies an active involvement by the.

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Presentation on theme: "Devotional path to the Divine By, Abhishek Shah. Philosophy and Bhakti Bhakti ( devotion or portion)in practice signifies an active involvement by the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Devotional path to the Divine By, Abhishek Shah

2 Philosophy and Bhakti Bhakti ( devotion or portion)in practice signifies an active involvement by the devotee in divine worship. The term is often translated as "devotion", though increasingly "participation" is being used as a more accurate rendering, since it conveys a fully engaged relationship with God. One who practices bhakti is called a bhakta,while bhakti as a spiritual path is referred to as bhakti marga, or the bhakti way. Bhakti is an important component of many branches of Hinduism, defined differently by various sects and schools.

3 Philosophy and… (Contd.) Bhakti emphasises devotion and practice above ritual. Bhakti is typically represented in terms of human relationships, most often as beloved-lover, friend-friend, parent-child, and master-servant. It may refer to devotion to a spiritual teacher (Guru) as guru- bhakti, to a personal form of God, or to divinity without form (nirgunaa). Different traditions of bhakti in Hinduism are sometimes distinguished, including: Shaivas, who worship Shiva and the gods and goddesses associated with him; Vaishnavas, who worship forms of Vishnu, his avatars, and others associated with; Shaktas, who worship a variety of goddesses. Belonging to a particular tradition is not exclusive—devotion to one deity does not preclude worship of another.

4 Philosophy and….(Contd.) The Bhagavad Gita is the first text to explicitly use the word "bhakti" to designate a religious path, which the Bhagavata Purana develops more elaborately. The so-called Bhakti Movement saw a rapid growth of bhakti beginning in Southern India with the Vaisnava Alvars (6th-9th century CE) and Saiva Nayanars (5th- 10th century CE), who spread bhakti poetry and devotion throughout India by the 12th-18th century CE. Bhakti influence in India spread to other religions, colouring many aspects of Hindu culture to this day, from religious to secular, and becoming an integral part of Indian society.

5 Basavannas Virashaivism

6 Basavanna Basava (also known as Guru Basavanna or Basaveshwara, (1134–1196)was a philosopher and a social reformer. He is also called Vishwa Guru and Bhakti-Bhandari. His teachings and preachings which are universal, go beyond all boundaries of belief systems. He was a great humanitarian and preached a new way of life wherein the divine experience being the centre of life regardless of gender, belief, tradition, religion, caste, social status or whatever. The key aspect of his preaching is monotheistic concept of God A true visionary with ideas ahead of his time; he envisioned a society that flourished enriching one and all.

7 Basavanna (Contd.) He was a great mystic, of his time and originated a literary revolution through his literary creation called Vachana Sahitya. He was a mystic by temperament, an idealist by choice, a statesman by profession,(He was the Prime Minister of the Southern Kalachuri Empire in South India) a man of letters by taste, a humanist by sympathy, and a social reformer by conviction. Many great yogis and mystics of his time joined his movement enriching it with the essence of divine experience in the form of Vachanas (Lit. sayings - sacred hymns in Kannada)

8 Basavanna (Contd.) Basava fought against the inhuman practice of caste system, which discriminated people based on their birth, and certain rituals in Hinduism. He spread social awareness through his poetry, popularly known as VACHANAAS. These are rational and progressive social thoughts coupled with established perception of God in Hindu society.

9 Basavanna (Contd.) "Brahminical thought" interpret the VACHANNAS as essence of Vedic knowledge while attempting to explain the social revolution, Basava was able to bring in. But this theory however fails to explain why other well known religious cult leaders like Shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya and Madhwacharya, who were very well acquainted with Vedic knowledge, did not address the issues, which Basava did in later part of the history in 12th century. Basava, like Gautama Buddha, did not preach people the intricate aspects of spirituality; but, he taught people how to live happily in a rational social order later came to be known as veerashaiva Dharma, "Sampradaya") or Lingavanta Dharma; which is also known as Lingayata. Other synonyms for Lingayata are: Basava Dharma, Sharana Dharma, Vachana Dharma.

10 Saints of Maharashtra

11 Maharashtra has produced or been closely associated with many saints throughout its history. These have risen from all across the several castes. Some of the very revered examples of Bhakti saints are Dnyaneshwar, Tukaram, Namdev,sant Gora Kumbhar, Samarth Ramdas, Chokhamela, Savta Mali. There have also been several other Harijan saints such as Sant Banka Mahar, Sant Bhagu, Sant Damaji panth, Sant Kanhopatra, Sant Karmamelam, Sant Nirmala, Sant Sadna, Sant Sakhubai, Sant Satyakam Jabali, Sant Soyarabai,Sant Eknath.

12 Saints of ….. (Cond.) It has also been the birthplace and home of world- reputed saints like Sai Baba of Shirdi, Gajanan Maharaj, Swami Shukadas Maharaj and Swami Samarth Maharaj. Maharashtra is also equally famous for ardent devotees (or Bhaktas). For example Namdev Mahar and his wife Bhagubai from Kharagpur, both devotees of Shirdi Sai Baba). The Sai Baba template in Shirdi is the second richest one in the country, a close second after the Lord Tirupati temples at Tirumala, Andhra Pradesh

13 Sant Tukaram Tukaram (1608 – c. 1650) was a prominent Marathi Sant and religious poet in the Hindu tradition in India. Tukaram was born and lived most of his life in Dehu, a town close to Pune city in Maharashtra, India. He was born to a couple with the family name "More“ the descendent of the Mourya Clan and first names Bolhobā and Kanakai. Through a tradition in India in bygone days, Tukaram's family name is rarely used in identifying him.

14 Sant Tukaram (Contd.) His real name is Tukaram Vhilhoba Aambe. Rather, in accord with another tradition in India of assigning the epithet "sant" to persons regarded as thoroughly saintly, Sant Tukaram is commonly known in Maharashtra as Sant Tukaram. Scholars assign various birth years to Tukaram: 1577, 1598, 1608and 1609 CE. The year of Tukaram's death —1650 CE— is much more certain. Sant Tukaram's first wife, Rakhumabai, died in her early youth. Sant Tukaram and his second wife, Jijabai (also known as Avali), had three sons: Santu or Mahadev, Vithoba, and Narayan.

15 Sant Dnyaneshwar Dnyaneshwar or Jñāneshwar (1275–1296) also known as Jñanadeva,He was born in to a Deshastha Brahmin Kulkarni family. He was a 13th century Maharashtrian saint (Sant - a title by which he is often referred), poet, philosopher and yogi of the Nath tradition whose works Bhavartha deepika teeka (a commentary on Bhagavad Gita, popularly known as "Dnyaneshwari"), and Amrutanubhav are considered to be milestones in Marathi literature.

16 Sant Namdev Namdev Ji (29 October 1270 - 1350) was born on October 29, 1270 in the state of Maharashtra village of Naras- Vamani, in Satara district (presently called Narsi Namdev). His father, a calico printer/tailor, was named as Damshet and his mother's name was Gonabai. Most of the spiritual message of Bhagat Namdev, just like our gurus, emphasized the importance of living the life of a householder and that through marriage and having a family one could attain enlightenment. He emphasized that the truest form of bandage or devotional meditation, is to enter matrimony and jointly seek the holy experience Waheguru.

17 Sant Eknath Eknāth (1533–1599) was a prominent Marāthi religious poet in the Hindu tradition in India. Eknath was born in to a Deshastha Brahmin family and lived most of his life in Paithan in Mahārāshtra, India He was a Kulkarni of that village. Eknath's family name is not known. In accord with a tradition in India of assigning the epithet "sant" to persons regarded as thoroughly saintly, Eknath is commonly known in Maharashtra as Sant Eknath. At age 25, he married Girijābāi, and the couple had three children. Eknath was well-versed in Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian, Urdu, and Hindi languages besides Marathi.

18 Sant Eknath Eknath was a major saint of the Varakari Sampradaya founded by Dnanadeva. Born in 1533 at Paithan, Eknath lost his parents at an early age and was brought up by his grandfather. Eknath's great-grandfather was Shri Bhanudas (1448-1513), a major figure in the Vitthala sect at Pandharpur.

19 Sant Ramdas Ramdas (1606–1682) was a prominent Marathi saint and religious poet in the Hindu tradition in Maharashtra, India. Samarth Ramdas was a devotee of Lord Hanuman and Lord Rama. His birth name was Narayan Suryajipant Kulkarni Thosar. He wrote a book ‘Manache Shlok.’


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