Presentation on theme: "Giving and Receiving Gifts Chapter 15 のぶんぽう. Giving and Receiving Gifts Giving and receiving gifts is a very important custom in Japan. As such, it is."— Presentation transcript:
Giving and Receiving Gifts Giving and receiving gifts is a very important custom in Japan. As such, it is important that we know how to express when we give and receive gifts to our friends, family and acquaintances.
Giving and Receiving Gifts Let’s earn the easy one first! In order to express receiving something, we use the following structure: Receiver は giver に／から something を もらいます。 The receiver gets something from the giver. もらいます ＝ to receive いただきます ＝ to receive from a superior
Giving and Receiving Gifts In a sentence: わたしはおばあさんにお金をもらいました。 I received money from my grandmother. えみさんはともだちからおむすびを二つ もらいました。 Emi received two rice balls from her friend.
Giving and Receiving Gifts Give it a try! I received a present from my teacher. わたしはせんせいに／からプレゼントを もらいました。 I want to get a blue shirt from my mom. わたしはははに／からあおいシャツを もらいたいです。
Giving and Receiving Gifts Now to make things a bit harder… There are four different verbs to express the act of giving. The verbs are related to the person they are given to.
Giving and Receiving Gifts If the receiver is: you (family member) くれます an equal あげます an inferior やります a superior さしあげま す Once we know who the receiver is, we can use the structure.
Giving and Receiving Gifts Giver は receiver (equal) に something を あげます。 Giver は receiver (inferior) に something を やります。 * Giver は receiver (superior) に something をさしあげます。 * Giver は receiver (me, my family) に something をくれます。 The giver gives something to the receiver.
Giving and Receiving Gifts How do we decide the receiver’s status? me, my family an equal = friend, coworker, same age an inferior = pet, little brother or sister a superior = teacher, boss, elder
Giving and Receiving Gifts In a sentence: （わたしは）これをあなたにあげます。 I’ll give this to you. はははまい日いぬにたべものをやります。 My mom gives the dog food everyday. ともだちはわたしにプレゼントをくれまし た。 My friend gave me a present.
Giving and Receiving Gifts In a sentence: わたしはせんせいにはなをさしあげました。 I gave my teacher a flower. たなかさんはいもうとにコンサートのきっ ぷをくれました。 Mr. Tanaka gave my little sister concert tickets.
Giving and Receiving Gifts My dad gave me many presents on Christmas. ちちはわたしにたくさんプレゼントをくれ ました。 I gave my little brother a book. わたしはおとうとにほんをやりました。 My aunt gave my cousin a movie ticket. おばさんはいとこにえいがのきっぷをあげ ました。