Presentation on theme: "Warm-Up #22 A. 34 Copy and Answer 1.How many valence electrons does calcium have? 2.If calcium lost two electrons, what would be its charge? 3.How many."— Presentation transcript:
Warm-Up #22 A. 34 Copy and Answer 1.How many valence electrons does calcium have? 2.If calcium lost two electrons, what would be its charge? 3.How many valence electrons does sulfur have? 4.If sulfur gained two electrons, what charge would it have? 5.How could you represent the valence electrons on an atom with just using the chemical symbol?
Warm-Up #23 A.36 Copy and Answer Many stores have a small container of pennies near the cash registers. Many people leave a penny or two in it when they receive change. Others take a penny or two when they need to. How is this similar to ionic bonding?
Warm-Up #23 A. 36 Copy and Answer 1.How many protons are in Nitrogen? 2.How many neutrons are in Nitrogen? 3.How many electrons are in Nitrogen? 4.Draw a model of Nitrogen using energy levels. 5.How many valence electrons does Nitrogen have?
Warm-Up #24 A.37 Copy and Answer 1. How many protons are in Sodium? 2. How many valence electrons are in Boron? Matching 3. In an ionic bond, _____ lose electrons. 4. In an ionic bond, _____ gain electrons. 5. A(n) _____ is an atom that loses electrons and becomes positively charged. 6. A(n) _____ is an atom that gains electrons and becomes negatively charged. a. cation b. metal c. nonmetal d. anion
Ionic Bonds What are ionic bonds? –An ionic bond forms when valence electrons are transferred from one atom to another atom.
Ionic bonds are all around us. Salt – Sodium ChlorideSnail’s Shell – Calcium Carbonate
How are ionic bonds formed? In an ionic bond, one atom has lost electrons and the other atom has gained electrons. These atoms are called ions. An atom that loses electrons becomes positively charged (cation) An atom that gains electrons becomes negatively charge (anion)
Can more than one electron transfer? YES!!!! Elements in Group 2 will donate 2 electrons and be given a +2 charge. –Magnesium will react with Oxygen to form Magnesium Oxide (MgO)
A Few Rules for Ionic Bonds Ionic bonds form between a metal and a nonmetal. Metals lose the electrons becoming the cation. Nonmetals gain electrons and become the anion. The resulting ionic compound is electrically neutral because the charges between the atoms cancel.
Ionic Compounds Ionic compounds are made up of ions that are bonded in a repeating three-dimensional pattern called a crystal lattice.
Properties of Ionic Compounds Brittle solids at room temperature High melting points –MgO has a melting point of 2800 degree C Very high boiling points High solubility in water (dissolve easily in water)
Vocabulary Review Ion: a charged particle that forms when atoms gain or lose electrons Ionic bond: the attractive force between oppositely charged ions, which form when electrons are transferred from one atom to another Cation: positively charged ion Anion: negatively charged ion Crystal lattice: the regular pattern in which a crystal is arranged