Presentation on theme: "Geographical Enquiry An Introduction to Geography"— Presentation transcript:
1 Geographical Enquiry An Introduction to Geography
2 Contents What is geographical enquiry? General techniques Presenting data and analysing resultsSummary activitiesContentsThe key concepts covered are: Place, Space andPhysical and human processes.
3 What is geographical enquiry? By the end of this section, you will:Discuss how geographers conduct enquiries and collect data.Discuss the implications of fieldwork for health and safety and its impact on the chosen site.
14 Fieldwork notebookA fieldwork notebook is useful to record any measurements.A table with headings can help organize the data collected.Location:Weather:Site 1Site 2Site 3AverageWidthDepthSpeed
15 Reading and observingRecord your readings, measurements and tallies in neat tables.Remember to make a note of details that may influence your data. These might include weather conditions, the time of day or whether it’s a public holiday.Teacher’s note: Questions that might produce useful observations of a site can be found at:Boardworks Ltd cannot take responsibility for external websites.Make field sketches of interesting features at the site.Label the sketches to draw attention to specific details.
17 Writing a questionnaire yes or no answersClosed (categories)- possibly a few open questionsnot too many questionseasy to read lay outAble to collect all answers on one sheetNeed information on:People’s opinions of the schoolAreas that are attractive and less attractiveIdeas about what could be done to improve the area
18 Clear set outBoxes to tick or crossHeadings in bold to make it clearLarge title
19 To much writing to fill in. Will take too long and people won’t want to fill it in.To much information to read in the introductionNot obvious what questions are asking
22 General techniques General techniques By the end of this section, you will:Think about ways to set up a field notebook and what notes should be made in it.Observe how field sketches are produced and practice drawing and annotating them.
23 Presenting data and analysing results By the end of this section, you will:Be able to present your data in an acceptable format.Interpret data in order to accept or reject different hypotheses.
24 Structure of your report Writing up the results:Introduction:Explain what you are trying to find out in your studyMethod:Explain how you collected your information and why you did it in this wayPresentation of data:Include a range of presentation methods e.g. graphs and tables, annotated maps, annotated field sketches and photosDescription and explanation of results:Using the data you have collected explain which areas of the school you and the people you surveyed think are the best and which areas you and the people surveyed think are the worst and EXPLAIN why you got these results.For areas of the school that you think need to be improved explain (and possibly include annotated plans for improvement) of what could be done to improve the areas.
25 All of the above could be incorporated into a written formal report. Presenting dataAfter collecting data, you need to be able to present it in a format where in can be easily understood, and interpreted to prove or disprove your hypothesis.Good forms of presenting data include:tablescharts and graphsthematic maps (like choropleth maps).Teacher’s note: A useful accompanying worksheet might be found here:Boardworks Ltd cannot take responsibility for external websites.All of the above could be incorporated into a written formal report.