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Standards & Technical Measures : TBT Agreement: India’s Perspective

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Presentation on theme: "Standards & Technical Measures : TBT Agreement: India’s Perspective"— Presentation transcript:

1 Standards & Technical Measures : TBT Agreement: India’s Perspective
Parminder Bajaj Head (International Relations & Technical Information Services Department) Bureau of Indian Standards

2 Objectives of WTO To ensure
Free, more transparent and more predictable trade Confidence in International Trade amongst the WTO member countries

3 Technical Barriers to Trade
WTO Agreements Rules for international trade being written through various WTO Agreements Rules pertaining to Standards, Regulations and Conformity Assessment for Trade in Goods are laid down in Agreement on Sanitary and Phyto Sanitary Measures (SPS) Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT)

4 TBT AGREEMENT Applies to all products incl industrial and agricultural products Voluntary standards & Technical regulations (mandatory stds)-notification to all members Code of good practice for standards development Product requirements in terms of performance rather than design or descriptive characteristics Technical regulations of local governments below central govt to be similarly notified

5 SPS AGREEMENT Allows members to set standards for safety of human, animal & plant health-scientific basis, apply to extent necessary Harmonization with Codex Alimentarius Commission-higher stds based on risk assessment-risk of spread of pest/disease, Equivalence-allows use of different stds & different inspection methods for same level of protection

6 What measures are subject to TBT provisions?
Technical Regulation Standard Mandatory Measures Voluntary Measures Conformity Assessment Procedure

7 Main Disciplines of the TBT Agreement
Non - Discrimination Avoidance of unnecessary obstacles to trade Harmonization

8 Non-Discrimination Conditions no Less Favourable to
Art. 2.1,5.1.1 Conditions no Less Favourable to Access of Suppliers of Like Products Originating Of national origin From any other country National Treatment Most-Favoured Nation (MFN)

9 Avoid unnecessary obstacles to trade
Standards/ Regulations/CAPs Must not be prepared, adopted or applied so as to Create unnecessary obstacles to international trade Art. 2.2,5.1.2

10 The Harmonization Principle
Relevant guides or recommendations issued by international standardizing bodies shall be used as a basis for the elaboration of Standards/ Regulations/CAPs 2 key requirements Shall play a full part in the preparation by appropriate international standardizing bodies of guides and recommendations for Standards/ Regulations/CAPs

11 The Harmonization Principle: Use of International Standards
Except Such guides or recommendations or relevant parts are inappropriate for the Members concerned For, inter alia, such reasons as national security requirements prevention of deceptive practices fundamental infrastructural problems protection of the environment fundamental technological problems protection of human health or safety fundamental climatic or other geographical factors protection of animal or plant life or health

12 International Standards
Set of Principles Transparency Openness Impartiality & Consensus Effective & Relevance Coherence Development Dimension

13 TBT Agreement-Notification Conditions
Members must notify a measure when both sets of conditions apply A relevant international standard does not exist The measure may have a significant effect on trade of other Members OR The measure is not in accordance with the standard

14 When or at what stage to notify ?
Notifications at draft stages when amendments can still be introduced based on comments received. For urgent reasons (safety, health, environment protection or national security), Notification must be made immediately upon adoption.

15 The Notification Format

16 How much time is allowed for comments
At least 60 days time for other Members to make comments in writing Discuss these comments upon request Take into account these written comments and the results of these discussions

17 Number of TBT Notifications per Member

18 TBT Notifications by Country Group

19 Total Number of TBT Notifications

20 TBT Notifications Distribution

21 TBT Notifications Distribution

22 TBT Notifications Distribution

23 TBT Notifications Distribution

24 TBT Notifications Distribution

25 TBT Notifications Distribution

26 Functioning of Enquiry Points
Technical regulations, standards and conformity assessment procedures Enquiry Points must respond to reasonable enquiries and provide relevant documents regarding: Membership and participation in international and regional standardizing bodies and conformity assessment systems / bilateral and multilateral arrangements Location of notices published Location of other Enquiry Points

27 Responsibilities of Enquiry Point
Other Services that may be provided by Enquiry Point Dissemination & Understanding of TBT related information Preparing Country’s stand on TBT Notifications Arranging Workshops/ Seminars for sensitizing other relevant agencies Export Alert Service

National Standards Body of India Established 1947 – Indian Standards Institution (ISI) – registered as society - Statutory status since 1987 after enactment of BIS Act 1986 Engaged in standards formulation, certification, testing and related activities including standards promotion & consumer education Representing India in ISO & IEC - participant in Codex work

FOR IMPORTS: Directorate General of Foreign Trade Relevant Regulatory Agency BIS for 109 Products FOR EXPORTS: Export Inspection Council for about 1000 notified products (Food, footwear, chemicals, engineering, leather, jute etc)

30 Mandatory BIS Certification
109 Products Food Colours & Food Additives Cement Gas Cylinders Electrical Appliances Infant Milk Products Pressure Stoves Steel Tubes Miners’ Safety Equipment Packaged Drinking Water and Natural Mineral Water Thermometers

31 India – Regulatory Agencies
IMPORTANT AGENCIES INVOLVED IN QUALITY REGULATION Directorate General of Health Services PFA Ministry of Food Processing Industry FPO Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion BIS & EC Acts Directorate of Marketing and Inspection AGMARK Department of Agriculture & Cooperation Plant Quarantine Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying MMPO Department of Legal Metrology Weights & Measures Act Bureau of Energy Efficiency Energy Conservation Act Chief Controller of Explosives Indian Explosives Act Directorate General of Mines Safety Coal Mines Regulations Ministry for Road Transport CMVR Central Pollution Control Board

32 Some Acts/Regulations/Control orders India
Prevention of Food Adulteration Act 1954 Plant Quarantine (Regulation of Import into India) Order, 2003 Meat Food Product Order 1973 Milk And Milk Product Order 1992 Bureau Of Indian Standards Act, 1986 Standards On Weight And Measurement Act 1976 Livestock Importation Act 1898 AGMARK Act 1937 The Infant Milk Substitutes, Feeding Bottles and Infant Foods Act Export (Quality Control and Inspection) Act, 1963 Essential Commodities Act Indian Explosives Act Energy Conservation Act, 2001

33 INDIA Notification Authority & Enquiry Points
Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce- Notification Authority for India. Bureau of Indian Standards -Designated TBT Enquiry Point by Ministry of Commerce Ministry Of Health & Ministry of Agriculture- SPS Enquiry Points

34 Role of BIS as Enquiry Point
Answering Enquiries Market Access Mandatory BIS Certification Acceptance of CE Marking Acceptance of IECCB Scheme Equivalence of Standards Handling TBT Notifications

35 Expectations from Industry & Stakeholders
Examination of TBT Notifications Aspects to be considered: Are these Notifications in accordance with International Standards ? Are the requirements trade restrictive ? Are they stricter than International Standards than necessary to meet the legitimate objectives of: Protection of human health or safety Animal or Plant life or health Environment Are these Scientifically Justified ?

36 Responsibilities of WTO Member Countries
Participate in International Standards Setting Be Proactive not Reactive to TBT Notifications Project Regional Concerns

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