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ACTi camera technology blueprint

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Presentation on theme: "ACTi camera technology blueprint"— Presentation transcript:

1 ACTi camera technology blueprint

2 Agenda Camera block diagram Video processing conditions Sensor overview Sensor + Camera ISP overview Codec overview ACTi 1.3MP Product matrix ACTi multi-megapixel Product matrix

3 IP surveillance System overview
IP Cam NVR Capture Encoding Streaming Decoding Display Video Video Recording

4 Camera block diagram Camera ISP Sensor Codec Video enhancer Sensor: An image is formed on the sensor, and digital video data is sent to the Camera ISP Camera ISP: Video processing functions such as BLC, AGC etc. Video enhancer: Further additional video processing such as WDR, DNR, skin tone enhancement, 3D de-interlacing Codec: Compress the video data into smaller file format and send to the network Use DSP or ISP? ISP

5 Sensor overview ACTi multi megapixel trend 2 ~ 10MP
Resolution category Pixel count Applied product VGA / D1 640 * 480 Box, Dome, Zoom, PTZ 1.3MP 1280 * 1024 Box, Dome, zoom, PTZ 2.0MP 1920 * 1080 3.0MP 2048 * 1536 5.0MP 2592 * 1944 Box, Dome, Cylindrical 10.0 MP 3856 * 2764 Panorama ACTi multi megapixel trend 2 ~ 10MP High megapixel camera applications

6 Multi megapixel 2 Megapixel 1920 x 1080 3 Megapixel 2048 x 1536

7 Camera ISP overview - ePTZ 2.0 MP with full camera technologies
Resolution Frame rate Day & Night WDR / DNR Optical zoom ratio ePTZ Video crop VGA / D1 30 fps Yes 10, 18, 35x n/a 1.3MP 2.0MP 1 stream 3.0MP 22 fps 5.0MP 12 fps 4 streams 10.0 MP 6 fps The camera ISP is the heart of all video processing. Specially in high megapixel resolutions, the ISP is particularly important in determining the frame rates, video processing at various lighting conditions and ability to process wide FOV pictures such as video wrapping & cropping. 2.0 MP with full camera technologies Support Special functions of high megapixel cameras - ePTZ - video cropping

8 Existing technologies
Video enhancement overview Existing technologies IR illumination Wide Dynamic Range IRIS Control for CMOS Digital Noise Reduction 3D De-interlacing 2009 New technologies Mechanical IR cut filter Sense up Digital Slow Shutter

9 Day & Night Solution IR LED and Mechanical IR Cut Filter
See clearer in the dark

10 Wide Dynamic Range Processing
See clearer in strong background lighting

11 Digital Noise Reduction
Reduced noise speckles in low light conditions

12 Low Light Image Enhancement
7 Lux Color Mode See clearer in dim background lighting 1 Lux B/W Mode

13 ACTi real camera demo Night: Without low light enhancement
Night: With low light enhancement Night: With low light enhancement & IR LED Day: Without low light enhancement Day: With low light enhancement

14 High megapixel - Wide FOV Panorama/Cylindrical Application
Video is digitally wrapped (flattened) on edges due to curvature effect from lens Cylindrical FOV: 170Deg

15 Better clarity and detail when zooming in on objects
Megapixel with zoom Better clarity and detail when zooming in on objects Megapixel zoom VGA zoom

16 Video cropping with independent streaming
Video cropping is used for indoor application – shopping store => 1 camera replacing 4 cameras For scenery that is close, it is effective. For scenery that is far, the object appears to be smaller and hence not so effective under cropping

17 Electronic PTZ Beneficial with Wide FOV/High megapixel cameras:
Do digital pan, tilt, zoom without moving mechanical parts Wide FOV + ePTZ => A large field of view is constantly present, but for example when MD in one regions happens the view can auto ePTZ to the MD region, while the other camera view is still being monitored and recorded Wide FOV + ePTZ => A large field of view is constantly present, but for example when MD in one regions happens the view can auto ePTZ to the MD region, while the other camera view is still being monitored and recorded

18 FAQ Why is optical zoom only available up to 3MP? Ans:
3 A’s are the key to good video: Auto white balance, Auto focus & Auto exposure. All three A’s require frame to frame comparison for video algorithm to take place. Having 30fps for video image processing is a key factor. When >3MP, the frame rate is reduced and therefore the amount of data required for video processing will not be enough, or time taken will be too long to achieve a good picture that meets the 3 A’s. For higher megapixel cameras beyond 3MP, the pixel count is high enough so digital zoom is considered instead. ACTi is not chasing a multi megapixel resolution only, rather ACTi is focusing to adopt full camera technologies in addition to just higher resolution. 3A – AWB, AF, Auto exposure. Eg. For auto focus, it is comparing two frames so the reduction of frames means that this focus will take time to happen. Achieving 30fps is a major gain to all advanced video processing

19 FAQ Why is Day & Night only available up to 3MP?
Ans: Under such a large picture, the ability to do D&N correctly is a challenge. Focus shift, noise levels at night mode vary within the larger picture. Another reason is because peripheral components such as lens, IR cut filter etc will need to be able to support >3MP resolutions as well, and there is a technical barrier. Of course if these barriers at the peripheral components can be resolved, then ACTi will adopt D&N into >3MP cameras. Why is WDR/DNR only available up to 2MP? Ans: The main reason is because the video data beyond 2MP is too much for the ISP processing engine to handle calculations intended for WDR & DNR. Another reason is the reduced frame rates at >2MP means that the frame to frame comparison is not highly efficient. Why is ePTZ only available at 5/10MP? Ans: This is because the FOV is wide enough to allow significant space/movement for ePTZ. Why is video cropping with 4 streams only available at 5/10MP? Ans: This is because the overall picture size is large enough to allow significant use of video cropping at 4 different regions within this picture. If the picture size is small, then transmitting the entire picture rather than 4 separate pictures makes more sense.

20 Codec overview Baseline profile Main profile High profile
Compression Algorism Compression Scheme Resolution Typical Bit-rate 15fps 15fps H.264 BP Moving Picture HD / D1 / CIF 0.5 Mbps 2.0 MPEG-4 SXGA / D1 / CIF 1.0 4.0 (M)JPEG Still Image SXGA / XGA / D1 / CIF 5.0 20 H.264 compression schemes Baseline profile Primarily for entry level applications with limited computing resources, this profile is used in videoconferencing and mobile applications. Main profile Originally intended as the mainstream consumer profile for broadcast and storage applications, the importance of this profile faded when the High profile was developed High profile The primary profile for broadcast and disc storage applications, particularly for high-definition television/video Difference between baseline / main profile / high profile

21 Application Flexibility
Codec structure: SoC vs. DSP Structure Performance Application Flexibility Cost DSP AVERAGE EXCELLENT FAIR SoC SoC (System on Chip) has dedicated performance for IP camera applications - ACTi adoption - To achieve multi megapixel, the algorithms are highly complicated so a dedicated processor with full computing power is necessary DSP (Digital signal processor) are based for multi purpose applications, not necessarily for IP surveillance - H.264 baseline profile at most Key performance differentiators: Maintaining good video quality under compression Able to achieve high frame rates at high megapixel resolution Network streaming with low latency and jitter Overall firmware stability in varied working environments

22 Codec & Camera ISP integration?
Sensor Codec Video enhancer The camera ISP is in charge of video processing, while Codec for video compression - They are doing completely different functions, putting them into one chip may limit overall performance and stability Each technology to be developed separately - Separate development will allow greater technology improvement in their specific fields - ACTi is following a separate development trend until both technologies are mature Possible challenges: System cost of two separate chips is higher Eg. External memory Increase of risk – video signal from ISP to Codec is exposed on PCB level, not internal. At higher resolutions with high frame rates, the video signals being exposed (rather than being internal of a chip) are highly sensitive and could cause integration issue

23 FAQ Why type of H.264 compression is ACTi using and why?
Ans: ACTi is adopting baseline for initial product phase with VGA ~ 2.0MP, and will move to high profile (skip main profile) for second phase from 2.0MP ~ 10.0MP. High profile includes more intelligent encoding with added features, so it means that less information decoding (as compared to baseline) is required by the NVR system, hence less CPU resources are required by the NVR server. Can ACTi achieve multiple streaming? Ans: Yes, dual streaming can be achieved at all video resolutions. For example, it can be two H.264 streams, or one H.264 stream + one MJPEG stream. At 5/10MP cameras, up to 4 independent video streams can be outputted from 4 different regions within the picture. High profile vs. baseline profile vs. main profile Less CPU decoding power

24 TCM-8600 series TCM-6900 series
1.3Megapixel offering 1.3 megapixel H.264 / MPEG-4 / MJPEG Box Bullet Dome PTZ Speed dome Cube Main stream High end TCM-56xx TCM-5211 TCM-5311 TCM-1511 TCM-1231 TCM-1611 TCM-2111 TCM-34xx TCM-35xx TCM-7411 TCM-3911 TCM-7811 TCM-8600 series TCM-6900 series TCM-4301 Triple codec Dual stream D&N MIR IR LED Vandal proof IP66 DIO PoE 2.7x, 10x, 18x, options  2.7x, 10x, 18x, 35x options DC Iris WDR DNR

25 Multi-Megapixel offering
2MP / 3MP / 5MP / 10MP H.264/MPEG-4/MJPEG Box Zoom lens Dome PTZ Speed dome Cube/Cylindrical camera (FOV 170Deg) 360 Deg Panaroma camera (FOV 360Deg) 2MP ~ 5MP 2MP ~ 3MP 2MP ~ 10MP 10MP only D&N 10x, 18x, 35x zoom ePTZ Video crop with streaming (1 stream output) Video crop with streaming (4 stream output) WDR/DNR (2MP only) Multiple streaming IR LED Vandal proof IP 66 DIO PoE Description: Multi megapixel & sales agent & sales visit point of view Megapixel & full camera technologies > not just resolution

26 End to end integration Long term commitment to focused technologies related to IP surveillance Streamline advanced camera technologies to our high stability NVR => Total end to end solution leading to mutual business profit !

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