2 Baroque MusicThe transition to the Baroque brought about a shift from several independent lines (polyphony) to one in which a melody stood out (homophony).Monody: originated in vocal music around the year 1600 and was a new style featuring solo song with instrumental accompanimentMonody focused on text and its emotional power
3 Baroque Music Figured bass: shorthand notation for harmony Chords created through improvisationBasso continuo: bass part, performed by 2 instrumentsChordal instrument (harpsichord, organ or lute)and bass instrument (cello or bassoon)
4 Baroque MusicCamerata- group of people (writers, artists, and musicians) engage in discussion about “the new music”.Members of Camerata were aristocratic humanists who aimed to resurrect the musical-dramatic art of ancient Greece.Music must heighten the emotional power of the text.Camerata gave the path to more advance form Opera.
5 Baroque MusicEstablishment of the major-minor tonality system was the outcome of this simpler style and less complex harmonies and was the most significant change in all of music history.
6 Baroque MusicEqual temperament: a new tuning system that mathematically equalized the distance between adjacent tonesMade it possible to play in every major and minor key without experiencing unpleasant soundsJ.S. Bach’s The Well-Tempered Clavier (2 vols.) each contains 24 preludes and fugues, one in every possible key