2 What is Balletan artistic dance form performed to music using precise and highly formalized set steps and gestures.Ballet Can:tell a story orexpress a thought or emotion.magical, exciting, provoking or disturbing.
3 History of BalletItalian Courts in the Renasissance, 15th & 16TH CenturyNoblemen and women were treated to lavish events (weddings)Early ballet was participatoryAttire was fashion from the time periodFormal Gowns that covered legs and anklesIn the 16th century, Catherine de Medici,an Italian noblewoman/interest in Artswife of King Henry II of Francebegan to fund ballet in the French courtHer elaborate festivals = growth of ballet de cour, a program that included dance, decor, costume, song, music and poetry
4 History of Ballet17th Century ballet developed as performance-focused art under King Louis XIVFrench Ballet TerminologyPierre Beauchamp,codified the 5 positions of feet and arms,Kings personal dance teacherdirector of the Dance companyJean-baptiste Lully, violinist, dancer, Choreographer, and composer…….would cast the king1661, Louis XIV founded Academie Royale de Danse, First Ballet Company
5 History of Ballet Popularity throughout Europe Professional Ballet Troupes toured Europe18th Century advanced in technical standards and it became a serious art form on par with operaExpress character & assist in the narrativeJean-Georges NoverreWanted masks removed and costumes to show off dancers figures, bring life to the imagesComposition was reformedVenice was center of dance in EuropeItalian Ballet Techniques remained dominant until Russia techniques supplanted them in early 20th Century
6 Marie Taglioni: 1831 In Zephire et Flore 19th CenturyBallerina most popular dancer in EuropeBallet hero's often played by a womanShift in social change, new techniques such as pointe work that gave the ballerina prominence on the stageBallet Boxed toe shoe invented to support pointe workGenevieve Gosselin, Marie Taglioni, and Fanny Elssler…….pointeworkMarie Taglioni: 1831 In Zephire et Flore
7 Early 19th Century Romantic Movement Classical Ballet during this movement which influenced the art, music, and ballet were known as Romantic BalletsSupernatural world of spirits and magicShows women as fragile and passivechoreographers composed romantic ballets that appeared light, airy and freePointe work, became the norm for the ballerina.The romantic tutu, a calf-length, full skirt made of tulle, was introduced.Early classical ballets such as Giselle and La Sylphide Created during the romantic movement
8 Later 19th Century Russia & Ballet Recognized tradition of balletThe female dancers' classical tutu as it is recognized today beganIt consisted of a much shorter, stiff skirt supported by layers of crinoline or tullerevealed legwork and difficulty in her movementsRussian choreographers and composers took it to new heights.Marius Petipa’s The Nutcracker, The Sleeping Beauty and Swan Lake, by Petipa and Lev Ivanov, represent classical ballet in its grandest form.The main purpose was to display classical technique(pointe work, high extensions, precision of movement and turn-out)Complicated sequences that show off demanding steps, leaps and turns were choreographed into the story.
9 20th Century Ballet Ballet Russes brought Ballet back to Paris George Balanchine,a Russian who emigrated to America, would change balletneo-classical ballet, a form that expands the classical form.greatest innovator of the contemporary “plotless” ballet.Today Ballet is:multi-facetedClassical formstraditional stories andcontemporary choreographic innovationsBallet Russes brought Ballet back to ParisRussian choreographers experimented with movement and costume, moving beyond the confines of classical ballet form and story.the ballet The Rite of Spring, a work so different (dissonant music, its story of human sacrifice and its unfamiliar movements) it used the audience to riot.
10 Types of Ballet Story ballets tell a story. they contain narrative action, characters, and a beginning and end.Examples:The Nutcracker and The Sleeping Beauty are famous story ballets from the 19th century
11 Types of Ballet Plotless ballets no storyline PBT company dancers perform in Twyla Tharp’s plotless ballet,In the Upper Room, 2010Plotless balletsno storylineutilize the movement of the body and theatrical elements to interpret music, create an image or to express or provoke emotion.Choreographer George Balanchine was a prolific creator of plotless ballets.
12 Styles of Ballet Classical Ballets Coppélia, The Sleeping Beauty, The NutcrackerSwan Lake.Classical balletOldest and most formal/traditional styleoriginated in Renaissance Italy and established its present form during the 19th centuryFocuses aesthetics and techniquePointe work, turn-out of the legs, and high extensionsGraceful and flowing movementsBalance & symmetryEmphasis on story balletsElaborate sets and costumes
13 Types of Ballet Neoclassical Ballet introduced in the 20th century Uses ballet terminology but less rigid than classical balletincreased speed, energy and attackmanipulation of the classical formasymmetry; an off-balance feelnon-narrative; often one-act balletspaired down aesthetic—simple sets and costumesNeoclassical BalletsApolloSerenadeCinderellaCarmenRomeo and JulietChoreographers:George BalanchineFrederick Ashton
14 Types of Ballet Contemporary Ballet influenced first by classical ballet then by modern danceyou may see:floor workturn-IN of the legsgreater range of movement and body linepointe shoes, barefoot, socks, or anything else the choreographer wantsBreaks the rules of classical and neoclassical ballet(no strict body line)Mikhail Baryshnikov ( worked with modern dance choreographers)Renowned contemporary ballet choreographers include Twyla Tharp, Paul Taylor and Dwight Rhoden. In contemporary ballet