There are hazards in every workplace and you — the young and inexperienced worker — are especially at risk. OH 1.0
Key Points Inexperience puts young workers at greater risk than average of injury, illness and death. Lack of knowledge means young workers often don’t know how to protect themselves. Young workers need to know how to Work Smart! Work Safe! OH 1.1
You need to be able to identify the hazards in your workplace.
Key Points 1 Workplace safety is based on recognizing, assessing and controlling hazards. There are four types of hazards you may find in your workplace: Physical, Chemical, Biological and Ergonomic. OH 2.1
Recognize Assess Control
Is this a hazard? What kind? How can this hazard hurt me or another worker? How can the risk be eliminated or reduced? OH 2.1.1
Types of Hazards Physical Chemical Biological Ergonomic
Unguarded machines Ladders/scaffolds Constant loud noise Chemical Paints, acids & solvents Vapours & fumes Flammable materials Biological Blood & body fluids Insect bites Bird & animal droppings Ergonomic Poor lighting Constant lifting Poor workstations and chairs OH 2.1.2
Key Points 2 Acute injuries occur immediately, often from physical and chemical hazards. Chronic injuries happen over time, often from chemical and ergonomic hazards. Hazards are typically controlled by one or more physical, operational and administrative controls and/or protective equipment and facilities. OH 2.2
Types of Injuries Acute injuries Chronic injuries Occur immediately
Often from physical and chemical hazards Chronic injuries Occur over time Often from biological and ergonomic hazards OH 2.2.1
Controlling Hazards Physical Controls Operational Controls
Guards, ventilation, ‘lock out’ systems Operational Controls Rules for ‘how’ work is done the Dos and Don’ts Administrative Controls Rules for how long/often workers can be exposed to a hazard Protective Equipment and Facilities Safety glasses, boots, gloves Emergency eye wash stations OH 2.2.2
You have the legal right to protect your health and safety.
Key Points 1 Governments protect workers through Acts and Regulations.
In Ontario, the Occupational Health and Safety Act provides the general requirements for workplace health and safety The Act’s Regulations provide detailed rules for specific workplaces and workplace hazards. OH 3.1
Key Points 2 The OHS Act gives you the Right to Know, the Right to Participate and the Right to Refuse Unsafe Work. According to the Act, your employer and supervisor cannot discipline you for refusing to do a task you believe is unsafe. You and your supervisor must follow the steps of the Work Refusal Process carefully. OH 3.2
Basic Rights Right to Know Right to Participate
What are the hazards in your job? Right to Participate Through Joint Health and Safety Committee or Representative Right to Refuse Unsafe Work You cannot be forced to do work that you have reason to believe is hazardous OH 3.2.1
Work Refusal Process You and your supervisor must follow the steps of the Work Refusal Process carefully. OH 3.2.2
Your employer, your supervisor(s) and you all have legal responsibilities to make sure the workplace is healthy and safe. OH 4.0
Key Points Your employer and your supervisor must do everything reasonable to protect your health and safety. You must comply with the law, follow company rules and always work safely. You must report any hazards to your supervisor or employer. OH 4.1
Inform you of any hazards Make sure equipment is safe Make sure you are trained Make sure you work safely Do everything reasonably possible to protect you OH 4.1.1
Worker Duty Comply with the law Use machines as trained
Use PPE as required Always work safely Report any hazards to your supervisor or employer OH 4.1.2
Must Report You must report any hazards to your supervisor or employer: You have a responsibility to help make sure the workplace is safe If you see a hazard but don’t report it, someone else might be injured or made sick OH 4.1.3
Your employer and your supervisor must ensure you have the information or required training and equipment you need to protect yourself. OH 5.0
Key Points 1 Your employer must provide you with information and/or training on the general and specific hazards in your job. You must have and know how to use any protective equipment or facilities your job requires. The Young Worker Awareness Program is not the information or training your employer is required to give you. OH 5.1
Training General workplace safety information and/or training:
Basic safety concerns Company safety rules Emergency procedures Specific safety training: How to do your job safely How to use any machines or personal protective equipment your job requires OH 5.1.1
PPE Personal Protective Equipment Protective Facilities
Safety shoes & glasses, gloves Dust masks or breathing apparatus Hearing protection Protective Facilities Hand wash stations in day cares Emergency eye wash stations First aid kits OH 5.1.2
Caveat The Young Worker Awareness Program is not the information or training your employer is required to give you. OH 5.1.3
Key Points 2 WHMIS is a Regulation that applies to all workplaces where hazardous chemicals are stored or used. Materials covered by WHMIS must have a warning label. Your employer must have an up-to- date MSDS for any hazardous products used or stored. Your employer must train you in the WHMIS system as it applies to your workplace. OH 5.2
WHMIS Requirements Warning Label Material Safety Data Sheets Training
Correct name & WHMIS symbol If material put in a new container, a workplace label must be placed on it Material Safety Data Sheets Must be available for workers to read No more than 3 years old Training Must be provided for workers who use or handle hazardous materials OH 5.2.1
WHMIS Symbols CLASS A – COMPRESSED GAS
CLASS B – FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE CLASS C – OXIDIZING MATERIAL CLASS D1 – POISONOUS AND INFECTIOUS MATERIAL CLASS D2 – OTHER TOXIC MATERIAL CLASS D3 – BIOHAZARDOUS INFECTIOUS MATERIAL CLASS E – CORROSIVE MATERIAL CLASS F – DANGEROUSLY REACTIVE MATERIAL OH 5.2.2
If you are injured or become sick at the workplace, you must report it to your supervisor or employer. OH 6.0
Key Points The WSIB provides compensation for lost wages and health care costs caused by workplace injuries and illnesses. If you are injured or made ill, you must follow the steps laid out on the WSIB’s In Case of Injury at Work poster. Don’t be afraid or reluctant to report any workplace injury or illness you think was caused by your work. OH 6.1
Don’t Be Afraid Don’t be afraid or reluctant to report any workplace injury or illness you think was caused by your work. OH 6.1.1
It’s not a game. You need to protect yourself.
Key Points Know your Rights and your Duties.
Ask questions until you get answers you understand. Always Work Smart! Always Work Safe! OH 7.1
Know Your Rights Know your Rights and your Duties. OH 7.1.1
Ask Questions Ask questions until you get answers you understand.
Work Smart! Work Safe! Always Work Smart! Always Work Safe! OH 7.1.3
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