2 Video QuestionsExplain at least 4 ideas specifically stated in the Articles of the ConstitutionName at least three sources of inspiration for the American constitution and explain which concepts we borrowed from them
3 What was the Constitutional Convention? Intended to fix the problems with the Articles of ConfederationMany knew from the outset that the Articles would have to be replaced55 delegates attended the meeting in PhiladelphiaIncluding: George Washington, James Madison, Alexander HamiltonStates sent various amounts of delegates but each state had only one voteWashington was elected President of the Convention
4 The Framers of the Constitution “Great men there were, it is true, but the convention as a whole was composed of…professional men, business men, and gentlemen of leisure; patriotic statesmen and clever, scheming politicians; some trained by experience and study for the task before them; and others utterly unfit. It was essentially a representative body”-Max Farrand, The Framing of the Constitution of the United States
5 What was the Virginia Plan? Madison came to the convention with a new plan for national gov’t called the Virginia PlanThe plan proposed a strong national governmentProposed the federal system (federalism)Each citizen would be governed under the authority of TWO governments: the national, and the stateImportant: The Virginia Plan was meant to REPLACE the Articles of Confederation
6 What was the response to the Virginia Plan? What was accepted?Bicameral Legislature: Two houses in government could check on each otherWhat was controversial?Proportional Representation: States would receive more votes in Congress if they had a larger populationSupported by Madison and the Virginia PlanPopular among larger statesEqual Representation: All states would receive equal votes in Congress regardless of populationPopular among smaller states
7 Critical ThinkingWhat do you think is more fair, proportional or equal representation? Explain your answer.
8 What was the New Jersey Plan? Proposed to keep the framework of the Articles of ConfederationCongress would have only one houseCongress would gain some powerThe power to taxThe power to regulate tradeThe power to appoint several persons to an executive branchA supreme court would be appointed by the executive branch
9 What was the response to the New Jersey Plan? The plan was defeated in a vote by the conventionThis effectively ended the idea of the unicameral legislature
10 What was the Great Compromise? A special committee was put together to make a compromise between the various plans for new governmentThey came up with Connecticut, or Great CompromiseThe House of Representatives would be elected by proportional representationThe Senate would be elected by equal representation
11 What was the response to the Great Compromise? Opposed by some on both sides of the issue including James MadisonThe Compromise passed by a single vote
12 What was the purpose of the Three-Fifths Compromise? The three-fifths compromise answered the question of how slaves would be counted in regards to proportional representationMany southerners argued that slaves should be counted as “full persons”Northerners disagreed“Wouldn’t the elected representatives simply serve the interest of slave-owners? Those interests were directly opposed to the interests of slaves themselves, who would choose freedom if they could”
13 What did the Three-Fifths compromise state? The entire population would be counted periodically (the census) to determine proportional representationSlaves would count as three-fifths of a free person
14 Critical ThinkingIf you were part of the constitutional convention what would be your position on how slaves would be counted to determine representation? Would you have been satisfied by the Three-Fifths compromise?