2 Where The Standards Are Federal OSHA:Subpart MCal/OSHA:8 CCR Article –Discuss differences in standards. Instruct where to apply/send permit and notification for Cal OSHA.Where The Standards Are
3 Duty To Have Fall Protection Employees must be protected from falls
4 Fall Protection Methods GuardrailsRestraintsCoversEquipmentBuilding design
5 Residential Roofers – 6 feet Trigger HeightsFederal OSHACal/OSHAGeneral Trigger - 6 feetResidential Roofers – 6 feetRod Busters – 6 feetIronworkers – 15 feetConnectors – 30 feetGeneral Trigger – 7.5 feetFramers – 15 feetCommercial Roofer – 20 feet (measured from lowest edge)Residential Roofer (slope 3:12 to 7:12) – 15 feet>7:12 fall protection is mandatory regardless of heightFramers only are allowed 15 feet if they are walking on a surface with a 4-inch nominal width.3 feet of vertical rise to 12 feet of horizontal run
6 Fall Protection Methods GuardrailsHole CoversSafety NetsRestraint SystemsPositioning SystemsFall Arrest Systems
7 Guardrails Federal OSHA Cal/OSHA Top Rail 39-45 inches high Mid Rail – Between top and bottom (21 inches)Toe Board 3.5 inches highPosts – 8 feet apartTop Rail inches highMid Rail – Between top and bottom (21 inches)Toe Board 3.5 inches highPosts – 8 feet apart
8 Guardrail Strength Top Rail - 200 lbs. outward and downward force Mid Rail – 150 lbs.Toe-board – 50 lbs.Deflection - <3 inches
9 Cable Guardrails Flagged every 6 feet Deflect < 3 inches Proper U Bolt clips
10 Ramps and Walkways Guardrails required at 6 feet (Federal OSHA) Guardrails required at 7.5 feet (Cal/OSHA)
11 Holes and Openings Guardrails or covers Covers must Be secure Labeled Support twice the exposed weight
12 Ladders Fall protection required If used near leading edge Over the top of guardrails
13 Positioning Devices 3,000 lbs. anchor or 2 times intended load Limit fall to 2 feetMay need fall arrest as wellTypically rebar or carpenters
14 Fall Restraint Anchorage – 4 times intended load Prevents fall POTENTIALMay use a belt
15 Fall Arrest 5,000 lbs. anchorage Full body harness Retractable lanyardsShock absorbing lanyardsDouble lanyards
16 Shock Absorbing Lanyards 3,600 lbs. gate strengthNote: WAS 300 lbs.5,000 lbs. hook strength and lanyard strengthLimit free fall to 6 –feet or lessDeceleration distance of 3.5 feetLimit arresting force to 1,800 lbs.5,000 lbs. per employee attached! Retractable must have a tensile load of 3,000 lbs. if limiting the fall to 2 feet and 5,000 lbs. if limiting the fall to more than 2 feet.
17 Retractable Lanyards Attached directly to D-ring Limit free fall to 2 feetBe aware:Swing radiusPulling out more line than heightAnnual inspections
18 Lanyards and Harnesses Inspect prior to useProperly storeKeep cleanWear properlyKeep away from:Heat, chemicals, harsh cleaners, what else?No knots!Also keep away from sharp objects, out of the sun, don’t store in your car window, sparks.
19 Snap Hooks Gate strength of 3,600 lbs. Double locking Rated for 5,000 lbs.
20 Catenary Lines (Horizontal Life Line) Designed, installed and used under supervision of Qualified personSafety factor of 2
21 Vertical Life Lines Rope Grab Cable Grab Pipe Grab One employee per line5,000 lbs. strengthAlign arrow up
22 Anchorage Points As high as possible Support at least 5,000 lbs. for fall arrestHow much for restraint?
23 InspectionsPrior to each useWear marksTearsSigns it stopped a fall
24 Inspections Cracks in rings, hooks Distortion of snap hooks or D-rings Shock absorbers in good condition
25 Retractable Inspections Check locking mechanism on retractable lanyardCheck cableEnsure annual inspection is done
30 Rescue PROMPT!!!! What can hanging in a harness do to you? Have a written planSelf rescue or outside rescue?Do not rely on 911 alone!
31 Safety Nets As close as possible to working surface 30 feet maximum distanceClearance belowInspected weeklyDrop tested
32 Controlled Access Zones Consist of ropes, wires, tapes, etc.Flagged every 6 feet200 lbs. breaking strengthEdge distances vary depending on task39 to 45 inches highEdge distances are as follows: 6 feet to 25 feet from leading edge for general work; 6 feet to 60 feet from leading edge for precast concrete member erection; Overhand bricking laying 10 feet to 15 feet from working edge
33 Safety Monitoring System Low slop roof work or fall protection plan covered employees onlyMonitor shall have no other taskNo mechanical equipment used
34 Safety Monitoring System Monitor must be competentMonitor must be on the same working levelClear communications
35 Fall Protection Plan Only for Leading edge work Precast concrete erection workResidential construction workALL other methods must be infeasible (good luck)
36 Fall Protection Plan Conforms To Drafted by Qualified Person Site specificMaintained at jobsiteSupervised by Competent PersonDocument why other methods are not feasible
37 Training Anyone that might be exposed Recognition of hazards Minimize hazardsEmployee rolls
38 Training Nature of fall hazards Fall protection systems Maintenance of systemsInspection of systems
39 Training Regulatory standards Equipment limitations Storage of equipment
40 Certification of Training Name of employeeName of trainer or employerTraining date(s)Signature of trainer
41 Retraining Workplace changes Equipment changes Employee actions or inactions
42 QuestionsHow many lbs. must the anchor support for a fall arrest system?5,000How often do you inspect your equipment?Before each use
43 Questions How much weight must a guardrail support? 200 lbs.What is the standard guardrail height?39-45 inches