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First Aid & External Threats

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1 First Aid & External Threats
Y1.U3.3 © R.Furdell First Aid & External Threats

2 Key Terms Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) (CAR-dee-oh-PULL-man-air-ee ree-SUHS-i-TAY-shun) First aid Heimlich maneuver (HIME-lick mah-NOO-ver)

3 First Aid First Aid refers to medical treatment given to an injured person either for light injuries or until qualified medical professionals arrive Effective first aid meets the injured person’s emotional as well as physical needs

4 First Aid Accidents can be prevented Accidents have serious results
You have a large responsibility to keep yourself safe You have a large responsibility to keep your customers and other employees safe

5 First Aid Most foodservice injuries requiring first aid are limited to
Minor heat burns Chemical burns Cuts Sprains Muscle cramps

6 First Aid First aid kits are required by some state and local agencies, keep handy Most operations have specific policies Notify manager Training Accident report

7 First Aid for Minor Injuries
Minor Burns Cool with cold running water 5 minutes until pain subsides Loosely cover burn with sterile bandage, no ointment Take OTC pain reliver

8 First Aid for Minor Injuries
Chemical burns Flush chemical from skin with cool running water 20 minutes Remove clothing/jewelry that has been contaminated Apply cool wet cloth Wrap burned area with a dry, sterile dressing Rewash the burned area

9 First Aid for Minor Injuries
Cuts and Scrapes Stop bleeding by applying pressure with a clean cloth Clean wound with clean water Apply antibiotic ream or ointment to keep wound moist Cover wound with bandage Change bandage once a day or whrn wet or dirty Watch for infection (redness, pain, drainage, warmth, swelling)

10 First Aid for Minor Injuries
Sprains & Strains (RICE) Rest injured part of body Apply Ice or cold compress minutes at a time for first 48 hours, reduce swelling Wear elastic Compression bandage at least 48 hours, reduce swelling Keep injured Elevated above heart level, reduce swelling

11 First Aid for Minor Injuries
Muscle Cramps Massage muscle Apply cold or heat Take OTC pain reliver, if required

12 First Aid Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) restores breathing and heartbeat to persons showing no signs of breathing or pulse 1. Check for breathing 2. Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation 3. Chest compression (Staying Alive) Apply CPR only if trained

13 First Aid

14 First Aid Choking Inability to talk
Difficulty breathing or noisy breathing Inability to cough forcefully Skin, lips and nails turning blue or dusky Loss of consciousness

15 First Aid Heimlich Maneuver removes food or other obstacles from a person’s airway if someone is chocking Stand behind the person. Wrap your arms around the waist. Tip the person forward slightly. Make a fist with one hand. Position it slightly above the person's navel. Grasp the fist with the other hand. Press hard into the abdomen with a quick, upward thrust — as if trying to lift the person up. Perform a total of 5 abdominal thrusts, if needed. If the blockage still isn't dislodged, repeat the five-and-five cycle.

16 First Aid

17 Emergency Training Should include: Foodborne illness outbreaks
Employees with contagious diseases Customer or employee injuries on site Accidents involving restaurant vehicles Loss of power, water, or other utilities Fires Floods, storms, earthquakes, and other dangerous weather conditions Armed robberies and other criminal assaults

18 External Threats Arson Theft Food Tampering
Develop and implement security procedures Locking and alarming doors Uniforms, name tags “If you see something, say something”

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