Developmental Milestones Infancy: Birth to 1 Year
Physical Development (Infancy) Newborn - reflexes 3 mos. - Holds up head 6 mos. - Teething; eye-hand coordination; rolls over; sits (with support) EVERYTHING GOES INTO MOUTH! 9 mos. - creep or crawl 12 mos. – stands alone; may walk; finger feeds self; may undress; drinks from cup; picks up objects
Intellectual Development (Infancy) Birth to 2 yrs.- sensory-motor stage- learns from senses; egocentric; starts to learn cause and effect; attention span improves 6 mos.- out of sight, out of mind; recognizes own name 8 to 12 mos.- object permanence (things exist after they are gone from sight) 1 yr.- knows parts of body; likes to look at picture books
Language Development (Infancy) Birth- cries to communicate 6 mos.- babbling; imitates sounds Interrelated with physical (hearing; tongue & mouth muscles; speech center in brain) Interrelated with social-emotional (relationship with parents/caregivers) Repeated syllables – single words – run- together words
Emotional Development (Infancy) Develops trust in primary caregivers Needs unconditional love Baby thrives when kept warm, dry, fed, & loved
Social Development (Infancy) 3 mos.- smile; peek-a-boo, pat-a-cake 7 mos.- recognizes difference between familiar & unfamiliar faces 8 mos.- stranger anxiety (scream at unfamiliar face – improved memory) “Freedom within limits”
Moral Development (Infancy) N/A - Does not apply!