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Meeting with IESBA CPAB Update Glenn Fagan and Kam Grewal April 7, 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Meeting with IESBA CPAB Update Glenn Fagan and Kam Grewal April 7, 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Meeting with IESBA CPAB Update Glenn Fagan and Kam Grewal April 7, 2014

2 Topics for Discussion Overview of CPAB  Inspections universe  Strategic plan  Inspection approach Enhancing audit quality CPAB Protocol Other Initiatives April 7, 20142

3 OVERVIEW April 7, 20143

4 Overview The Canadian Public Accountability Board (CPAB) was incorporated in 2003 under the Canada Corporations Act. CPAB is an audit regulator independent of, but accountable to the Canadian securities regulators. CPAB oversees auditors of Canadian reporting issuers (RIs), that is, companies that have raised funds from the Canadian investing public. April 7, 20144

5 CPAB’s Mission The mission of CPAB is set out at section 3.1 of its Articles of Incorporation. “To contribute to public confidence in the integrity of financial reporting of reporting issuers in Canada by effective regulation and promoting quality, independent auditing.” April 7, 20145

6 Participating Firm Statistics (As of January 1, 2013) Participating Audit Firms Subject to CPAB Inspection No. of firms No of RIs Market capitalization of RIs ($billions) Canadian Firms Firms subject to annual inspection by CPAB156,703$1,995 Firms subject to bi-annual inspection by CPAB5347 5 Firms subject to tri-annual inspection by CPAB114660 6 Registered firms with no reporting issuers29- - Total Canadian Registered Firms1637,710$2,006 Foreign Firms Firms subject to tri-annual inspection by CPAB76270 186 Registered firms with no reporting issuers57- - Total Foreign Registered Firms133270 $186 Total Registered Firms2967,980$2,192 April 7, 20146

7 Annual Firm Influence By market capitalization  99.5% of domestic based audits  91% of total market By number of reporting issuers  83% of total RIs Note: Annual firms are those having more than 100 reporting issuer clients and are inspected each year April 7, 20147

8 954 1,784 3,803 46 57 5 14 232 711 371 Foreign 1 2 Distribution of Canadian Reporting Issuers (RIs) by Head Office Location As at January 1, 2013 1 Foreign RIs are Canadian reporting issuers headquartered outside of Canada that are primarily audited by foreign audit firms. April 7, 20148

9 CPAB’s Strategic Plan During the last strategic plan, CPAB evolved its inspection methodology, systems and processes, and people to provide effective audit oversight. The thrust of CPAB’s current 2013-2015 strategic plan is to build on these accomplishments and further enhance the organization’s effectiveness. The core issue to be addressed by the strategic plan is to ensure audit firms reduce the rate of audit deficiencies in a manner that is sustainable in the longer term. April 7, 20149

10 CPAB’s Strategic Plan April 7, 201410

11 CPAB’s Strategic Plan CPAB will focus on four priorities to further enhance audit quality  Thought leadership  Enhanced stakeholder engagement  Enhanced risk management  Focused, effective inspections CPAB will work to increase the transparency of its inspection findings April 7, 201411

12 CPAB’s Strategic Plan April 7, 201412

13 CPAB’s Strategic Plan April 7, 201413

14 CPAB’s Inspection Approach Risk based + risk over-ride Annual firms  Big-4  Other network firms (4)  Regional firms (6 – 7) Bi-annual firms  1 - 2 per year Tri-annual firms  Focus on those with > 4 RIs (about 17 per year) April 7, 201414

15 Risk Based Inspections The risk assessment reflects:  the number of reporting issuers (RIs) – 7,980 RIs  the number of participating firms – 296 audit firms Risk analysis and assessment embedded into the entire organization Research and analysis of the reporting issuer population On going environmental scanning (including media monitoring) Risk-based selection of reporting issuers Risk-based allocation of resources to audit firm inspection April 7, 201415

16 Firm Inspection Elements of quality control  Leadership  Ethical requirements (including independence)  Acceptance and continuance  Human resources  Quality monitoring Engagement performance  File inspections April 7, 201416

17 Key Messages – Public Report Released March 31, 2014 Key considerations to improve audit quality: Results for 2013 have improved over the prior years Sustainability is needed Develop and implement action plans to support consistency Reinforce an accountability culture to support consistency Strike the appropriate balance between commercialism and professionalism April 7, 201417


19 Background Enhancing Audit Quality Initiative Provide input to /influence international initiatives to improve audit quality Challenge the status quo in Canada Enhancing Audit Quality (“EAQ”) Steering Group Three working groups  Auditor reporting  Auditor independence  Audit committee April 7, 201419

20 Key Recommendations Enhancing Audit Quality Initiative Rejected mandatory rotation/ tendering in favour of comprehensive review of audit firm Need for guidance for audit committees re annual assessments and comprehensive review Development of tools for audit committees to perform annual assessment and comprehensive review Recommended CPAB work with stakeholders to share inspection findings with audit committees April 7, 201420

21 CPAB PROTOCOL April 7, 201421

22 Increased Transparency CPAB believes greater transparency of inspection reporting will enhance audit quality, encourage audit partners and firm leadership to focus more on continuous quality improvement, and raise awareness of noteworthy audit issues at the audit committee level and beyond. CPAB has worked with key stakeholders to develop a protocol designed to provide information that will improve an audit committee’s ability to effectively oversee the work of the auditor. April 7, 201422

23 The CPAB Relationship 23 Board of Directors Audit Committee The Audit Environment External Auditors Management The Canadian Public Accountability Board (CPAB) April 7, 2014

24 Development of Protocol Key Considerations Fair and balanced communication of inspection findings Maintain confidentiality Retain effectiveness of current regulatory model Voluntary approach Public consultation April 7, 201424

25 Key elements of Protocol Sharing of RI file specific findings Communication of RI audit file specific inspection findings with audit committees Significant inspection findings will be communicated Importance of fair and balanced communication Excerpt from CPAB’s Engagement Findings Report to be sent by audit firm to audit committee Interaction between the audit committee, auditor and management will change Confidentiality April 7, 201425

26 Key elements of Protocol CPAB Public Report Annual communication of CPAB Public Report to audit committees All RI audit committees will receive CPAB’s public report Highlights audit quality issues Highlights recurring firm level issues (Big 4 and Non-Big 4 firms) Provides basis for dialogue on how firm and engagement team are responding to issues identified in Public Report April 7, 201426

27 Effective Date Protocol is effective for RI audit file inspections commencing on or after March 1, 2014 Voluntary approach Listing of audit firms participating in the Protocol to be made available on CPAB’s website April 7, 201427


29 Other CPAB Initiatives Role in IFIAR Auditing in Foreign Jurisdictions Auditing Standards- Application guidance Audit Quality Symposium April 7, 201429

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