Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

PREPARATION SLIDE ONLY. Hazard Communications Training (Includes GHS Elements)

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "PREPARATION SLIDE ONLY. Hazard Communications Training (Includes GHS Elements)"— Presentation transcript:


2 Hazard Communications Training (Includes GHS Elements)

3 At The End of This Session You Will… Understand OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard Become familiar with product labels Know what a Safety Data Sheet is and where to find the SDS book in your facility Learn when to use personal protective equipment (PPE)

4 Hazard Communication Standard The Goal of the Standard: To reduce injuries To make you aware of any hazardous chemicals To ensure understanding regardless of education and language To keep YOU safe!

5 Exercise What type of hazards exist in our everyday lives?”

6 OSHA’s Haz Com Standard Requirements of Every Facility: Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) are on site for all products Workers know where the SDS book is located All chemicals are properly labeled There is a written Hazard Communication program in your facility Training is provided

7 Moving On… Understand OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard Become familiar with product labels Know what an SDS is and where to find them in your facility Learn when to use personal protective equipment (PPE)

8 Primary Product Labels Must Include: Product Identifier Supplier Information Signal Word Hazard Pictogram Hazard Statement Precautionary Statement May Include: Supplemental Information

9 Product Label Elements Example

10 Labels: Product Identifier and Supplier Information Product Identifier: The Name of the Product Supplier Information: Company Name Address Telephone Number

11 Labels: Signal Word Signal Word Quickly Communicates the Relative Severity of the Hazard Only 2 Signal Words Will Appear: “DANGER” (more severe hazard) “WARNING” (less severe hazard) Not all Labels Will Have a Signal Word Some chemicals are not hazardous enough to require that a signal word appear on the label

12 Labels: Pictograms There are 9 pictograms. Only 8 are regulated by OSHA Health Hazards Physical Hazards Environmental Hazards (Not regulated by OSHA)

13 Health Hazard Pictograms ! Skin corrosion/burns, eye damage corrosive to metals Acute toxicity, fatal or toxic Carcinogen, mutagenicity, Reproductive toxicity, respiratory sensitizer, target organ toxicity, aspiration toxicity Irritant, skin sensitizer, acute toxicity, narcotic effects, respiratory tract irritant, hazard to ozone layer

14 Physical Hazards Pictograms Flammables Self reactives Pyrophorics Self heating Emits flammable gas Organic peroxides Explosives Self reactives Organic peroxides Corrosive to Metals Gases under Pressure Oxidizer

15 Labels: Hazard Statement "Hazard statement" means a statement assigned to a hazard class that describes the nature of the hazard(s) of a chemical, including, where appropriate, the hazard category (degree of hazard). There are specific hazard statements that must appear on the label based on the chemical hazard classification Examples: Flammable liquid and vapor Causes skin irritation May cause cancer

16 Hazard Class The nature of the physical or health hazards Examples: flammable solid, carcinogen, oral acute toxicity

17 Hazard Category Degree of Hazard 1 – 2 – 3 – 4 1 – Most Severe; 4 – Least Severe Example: Hazard Class: Flammable liquids Hazard Categories 1: Extremely flammable liquid and vapor 2: Highly flammable liquid and vapor 3: Flammable liquid and vapor 4: Combustible liquid

18 Label: Precautionary Statements "Precautionary statement" means a phrase that describes recommended measures that should be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous chemical, or improper storage or handling. Examples: Wear respiratory protection Wash with soap and water Store in a well ventilated place

19 Precautionary Statements Additional Information Precautionary Statements are not necessarily a mandate for employees to follow. The employer is to evaluate the precautionary statements to determine if these need to be followed by employees. This decision may be based on several factors:  How chemical used  Where it is used (ventilation concerns)  How much of the chemical is used (quantity)  Air sampling or testing results (permissible exposure limits)  How long the chemical is used (time)  Other considerations

20 Precautionary Statement Employer Evaluation Example A precautionary statement may state “Wear respiratory protection” Employees may not be required to wear a respirator based on the employer’s evaluation of the factors previously listed (how, where, how much, time)

21 Label: Supplemental / Other Information (Discretionary) Other information that may be included on the label: Physical state Color Hazards not otherwise classified Route of exposure Storage and disposal Hazard prevention and emergency response instructions

22 Current Label Example

23 New Label Example - DRAFT

24 Labels: Product In Use in the Workplace Workplace Labels Must Be Consistent with the HCS 2012 Product identifier and words, pictures, symbols, or combination thereof, which provide at least general information regarding the hazards of the chemicals May Use Signal Word, Hazard Statement, Pictograms, Precautionary Statement from Original Product Label May use written materials (e.g., signs, placards, etc.) in lieu of affixing labels to individual stationary process containers Employer can use GHS compliant labels (same as shipping)

25 Next Topic Please… Understand OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard Become familiar with product labels Know what a Safety Data Sheet is and where to find the SDS book in your facility Learn when to use personal protective equipment (PPE)

26 Safety Data Sheets A SDS is a document which contains important information about a product SDSs are required from all manufacturers Every facility must have a SDS for each chemical used SDSs may look different from one company to another, but they all contain the required information The differences are “look” only Must follow a specific 16 part format SDSs explain how to protect yourself from hazards SDSs must be kept up to date

27 Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) 1.Identification 2.Hazard(s) Identification 3.Composition/Ingredient Information 4.First-aid Measures 5.Fire-fighting Measures 6.Accidental Release Measures 7.Handling and Storage 8.Exposure Controls / Personal Protection 9.Physical and Chemical Properties 10.Stability and Reactivity 11.Toxicological Information 12.Ecological Information* 13.Disposal Consideration* 14.Transport Information* 15.Regulatory Information* 16.Other information including date of preparation of last revision 16 Part Format in a Specific Order * Not Regulated by OSHA

28 SDS Format 1. Identification Product Identifier Manufacturer or Distributor Name, Address, Phone Number Emergency Number Recommended Use Restrictions on Use

29 SDS Example

30 SDS Format 2. Hazard(s) Identification Class/Category Identifies the nature of the physical or health hazard, the severity of the hazard Signal Word DANGER or WARNING HNOC Hazards Not Otherwise Classified An adverse physical or health effect identified through evaluation of scientific evidence during the classification process that does not meet the specified criteria for the physical and health hazard classes above.

31 SDS Example

32 SDS Format 3. Composition/Information on Ingredients Chemical name, Common Name, CAS, Ingredient % or cut off limits 4. First-aid Measures Necessary measures, symptoms/effects What to do if an accident occurs 5. Fire-Fighting Measures What to do if the product catches on fire or is in a fire Suitable and unsuitable actions Hazards from fire

33 SDS Example

34 SDS Format 6. Accidental Release Measures Precautions, PPE, Emergency Procedures What to do in case the product spills 7. Handling and Storage Precautions for safe handling and storage, including any special handling or incompatibilities Where and what temperature to store the product 8. Exposure Control/Personal Protection PEL, TLV, NTP, IARC, Engineering Controls, PPE What type of protective equipment to wear

35 SDS Example

36 SDS Format 9. Physical and Chemical Properties Appearance, odor threshold, pH, flash point, LEL/UEL, vapor pressure/density What the product should normally look like 10. Stability and reactivity Possible hazardous reactions, incompatible materials Potential physical hazards 11. Toxicological information Routes of exposure, symptoms, acute/chronic

37 SDS Example

38 SDS Format 12. Ecological Information What can happen if the product is exposed to the environment 13. Disposal Consideration How to properly get rid of any excess product

39 SDS Example

40 SDS Format 14. Transport Information Explains how to properly ship the product

41 Transport Information Continued

42 SDS Format 15. Regulatory Information 16. Other Information Date of preparation/last revision

43 Material Safety Data Sheets In your facility, the SDS book is located…

44 Next Topic Please… Understand OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard Become familiar with product labels Know what a Safety Data Sheet is and where to find the SDS book in your facility Learn when to use personal protective equipment (PPE)

45 Personal Protective Equipment How Can a Chemical Enter Your Body? Through your skin Cleaning a hard surface with your hands Through your eyes Pouring and splashing chemical Through your mouth Touching your mouth with dirty hands Through inhalation Spraying a cleaner in a small area

46 Personal Protective Equipment What PPE can you use to protect yourself? Skin  Wear gloves Eyes  Wear safety glasses Mouth  Wash your hands frequently Inhalation  Avoid using a product in small areas or wear a mask The SDS Will Identify the PPE to Use

47 Additional Safety Information Remember–one of the goals of the program is to reduce injuries! It is the employee’s right to know what products may contain hazards. Employee’s need to know where the SDS book is located. It is the employee's responsibility to wear the PPE.

48 Additional Safety Information Here’s How You Can Help Be Safe Never mix chemicals Make sure your gloves fit properly and do not have any holes or tears Make sure your safety glasses fit properly Wash your hands frequently, especially after using chemicals Report any warning symptoms Report any unusual odors or missing labels

49 Did We Achieve Our Goals? Do you understand OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard? Are you familiar with product labels? Do you know what a SDS is and where to find the SDS book in your facility? Did you learn when to use personal protective equipment (PPE)?

50 Any Questions? Thank you for your time!

Download ppt "PREPARATION SLIDE ONLY. Hazard Communications Training (Includes GHS Elements)"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google