Presentation on theme: "Training Module For (Your Agency here). Data-Driven Approaches to Crime and Traffic Safety DDACTS DDACTS is an operational model that uses the integration."— Presentation transcript:
Data-Driven Approaches to Crime and Traffic Safety DDACTS DDACTS is an operational model that uses the integration of location-based crime and traffic data to establish effective and efficient methods for deploying law enforcement and other resources.
DDACTS Goals Reduce the incidence of crime and crashes in a neighborhood and Reduce Social Harm.
Shows a clear relationship between crashes and crime Renews an emphasis on traffic safety contacts, not tickets Provides flexible deployment strategies Addresses several CALEA ® Accreditation standards Builds stronger relationships with stakeholders and partners WHAT CAN DDACTS DO FOR YOUR AGENCY?
The DDACTS philosophy and model are discussed in the Operational Guidelines.
Seven Guiding Principles Partners / Stakeholder Participation Data Collection Data Analysis Strategic Operations Information Sharing and Outreach Monitor, Evaluate and Adjust Outcomes
Why DDACTS? Increasing demands and limited resources Conflicting/competing demands for service Crime and crashes often occur in close proximity Crimes often involve a motor vehicle Vehicle stops can yield valuable intelligence
Why DDACTS? “Insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.” - Albert Einstein If crimes and crashes are not as low as you would want them to be, a fresh approach may be needed.
Size Does Not Matter! DDACTS has been successfully implemented in a wide variety of agencies nationwide. Small, Medium and Large Urban, Suburban, Rural Jurisdictions Municipal Police, Sheriff’s Departments, College Police Departments
Shawnee Police Department Located about 15 miles west of Kansas City, MO Population: 62,000 About 40 square miles
Shawnee Police Department Rising crime rate over past three years Unemployment at 6%, stagnant economy Sworn Officers: 84 (down six positions) Implemented DDACTS July, 2010
Shawnee Police Department Focus Area: 75 th Street Corridor 2% of the city area 8.5% of the population 15% of all persons crimes 17% of all property crimes 13% of all crashes
Shawnee Police Department Focus Area: 75 th Street Corridor
Shawnee Police Department Goals Reduce Robberies 5% Reduce Burglaries 10% Reduce Auto Thefts 10%
Train and Communicate City Manager City Council Stakeholders Area Businesses (Crime Prevention) Apartment Complexes (CRCP) NAACP PD Personnel (Dispatchers) Shawnee Police Department
Category5-Year Avg. 2010-11Change Inside Zone Change Outside Zone All Collisions106.684-21%-1% Collisions with Injury15.810-37%-19% Auto Burglary40.833-21%+16% Auto Theft41.216-61%-24% Commercial Burglary7.88+3%-50% Residential Burglary32.426-20%+2% Robbery7.25-31%-25% Vandalism39.233-16%-19% All Target Crimes256.8198-23%-14% Results in Target Zone
Shawnee, Kansas (population 62,000; 86 sworn officers) All Target Crimes: 23% Vandalism: 16% Auto Burglary: 21% Residential Burglary: 20% Traffic Crashes: 21% DDACTS Year vs. Previous Years:
Located in Orange County, Florida About 29,000 population Sworn strength: 86 Service Area approx 9 sq. miles Approx. 300,000 vehicles/day Winter Park Police Department
Took a 3 month inventory of historical agency practices in these areas - Took a 3 month inventory of historical agency practices in these areas - Locations of felony crimesLocations of felony crimes Locations of traffic crashesLocations of traffic crashes Locations of selective enforcement operationsLocations of selective enforcement operations All calculations done by hand All calculations done by hand All data collected manually All data collected manually Maps initially created manually Maps initially created manually Winter Park Police Department
Challenges to DDACTS Implementation Buy-in from Staff and Troops Buy-in from Staff and Troops Resistance to new ideas Resistance to new ideas Lack of easy access to crash data Lack of easy access to crash data Needed to customize plan for Winter Park Needed to customize plan for Winter Park Crime Rate Already LowCrime Rate Already Low 2009 Crime Down 13.2%2009 Crime Down 13.2% 2010 Crime Down 18.3%2010 Crime Down 18.3% 3 Traffic Fatalities in 4 years3 Traffic Fatalities in 4 years Winter Park Police Department
January 2011 thru June 2011 In All Designated DDACTS Areas 1057 Traffic Stops 732 Citations 566 Verbal or Written Warnings 66 Field Contact Cards 49 Arrests 1,398 Hours of “Discretionary Time” Discretionary Time = No $ Increase
January 2011 – April 2011 DDACTS Target Area Tracked Offense2010 Totals Jan - April 2011 Totals Jan - April % Increase/ Decrease Incidents427389-8% Comm. Burglaries83-40% Stolen Vehicles61-83% Armed Robberies30-100% Retail Theft3417-50% Crashes3024-20%
Winter Park, Florida (population 29,000; 86 sworn officers) Comm. Burglary: 50% Theft from Vehicle: 69% Residential Burglary: 29% Total Part 1: 47% From January to June, 2010 to 2011:
Located near Phila., Pa. and Camden, NJ 22.5 sq. miles with 41,864 residents 100,000 + weekday population In excess of 3 million sq. ft. retail space 4 major highways/roadways run through town 26 Hotel/Motel (3006 rooms) in town 56 Sworn Officers (Down 24.3% over 4 years) No trained analysis or crime mapping abilities when starting
Majority of Criminal Activity and Crashes occurred between 12 pm and 6 pm. 43% of all Part 1 UCR offenses 49% of all crashes Analysis of Crime and Traffic Crashes
Goals of Initiative 15% reduction in crashes 15% reduction in crash-related injuries 15% reduction in UCR Part I Offenses
Training of Staff Training of Staff Deployment Strategies Deployment Strategies Input of Rank and FileInput of Rank and File Techniques Techniques Think outside the box Focus of program Increased motorist contacts
Evaluation Six Month Review Outputs What was generated by the effort Outcomes What the result of the effort
5 Year Average20112012 Motor Vehicle Summons 317219832589 Motor Vehicle Stops 448138114581 Arrests 723626693 Outputs of Initiative
Number of Man Hours MV Stop Made Every Minutes MV Stops Traffic Summons Written Warnings Issued Traffic Arrests Criminal Arrests Average- An Arrest for Every MV Stop Total/ Average 1015481330495741552319.4 Total Output for the First 6 Months of the Initiative in the 3 Target Areas Outputs of Initiative
Population: 801,000 Square Miles: 610 Sworn Personnel: 1918 Precincts: 10 Fatal Crashes: 65 Total crashes: 34,000 Part I Crime: 28,500 Part II Crime: 32,000 CFS: 600,000 Baltimore County Police Department
DDACTS Initiative Analysis of multi-year data to identify hot spots Incidents include robbery, burglary, auto theft, theft from auto and traffic crashes Site selection and development of objectives by precinct commanders Enforcement through use of on-duty personnel DDACTS included in strategic plan
Outcomes: Crime and Traffic Incidents measured against the three-year average Robberies in target areas have been declining for over three years Burglaries and auto thefts have been declining for over two years Crashes are declining in two- thirds of the target areas
2010 Results CRASH OR CRIME TYPE April – December 2010* BURGLARY636.7455-28.5% ROBBERY243.1158-35.0% MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT469.3275-41.4% THEFT FROM MOTOR VEHICLE1167.31043-10.6% PERSONAL INJURY CRASHES721.4703-2.6% TOTAL CRASHES6989.46796-2.8% TRAFFIC STOPS30,411.935,07015.3%
2011 Results CRASH OR CRIME TYPE April – September 2011* BURGLARY399.7347-13.2% ROBBERY124.4116-6.8% MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT273186-31.9% THEFT FROM MOTOR VEHICLE952.3727-23.7% PERSONAL INJURY CRASHES543.3523-3.7% TOTAL CRASHES5085.24834-4.9% TRAFFIC STOPS25,484.426,4753.9%
Population : 468,012 Sq Miles : 133 O Demographics 64% White Non-Hispanic 26% Hispanic 10% All Other O Authorized Sworn Personnel 777 (12 vacant) O Authorized Civilian Personnel 417 (17.5 vacant)
3 rd Largest City in AZ City of Mesa 2010 O 4 th Highest City in AZ for Volume of Collisions O 3 rd Highest City in AZ for Fatalities O 38 th Largest City in USA O Calls for Service: 311,156 Dispatched-169,554 Officer Initiated: 141,602 O Part I Crimes: 16,669 Persons-1,791 Property-14,878 O Total crashes - 5,826 Injury crashes - 1,739 Fatals -19
Significant decreases noted in 2 of the 4 Police Districts Swing Shift: Crashes Crime Day Shift: Crashes Crime Six Month Evaluation
(What will your agency do next?) List your agency activities here.
(What is your agency’s Timeline? Outline dates for activities here
Key to Success Adherence to DDACTS Guiding Principles