1 Transitions Suphia Quraishi Transitions Handout from: The Writing Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel HillSuphia QuraishiMarch 23, 2009
2 Function and Importance of Transitions Transitions help you convey information clearly and concisely by establishing logical connections between sentences, paragraphs and sections of your paperA few examples of transitions:“Here’s an exception to my previous statement”“Although this idea appears to be true, here’s the real story.”“Another example coming up—stay alert!”
3 Signs that you may need to work on your transitions When people tell you that they had trouble following your train of thoughtWhen you keep jumping from idea to idea quicklyYour paper was put together in chunks
4 OrganizationYou may want to evaluate your paper’s organization before you work on your transitions.The organization of your written work includes 2 things:The order in which you have chosen to present the different parts of your discussion or argumentThe relationships you construct between these parts
5 Organization Ways to organize: Summarize in a word or short paragraph what each paragraph is about and how it fits into your analysis as a whole.Refer to this website about organization also from the writing center html
6 How Transitions WorkTransitions do not organize your paper but they can help make your organization clearer and easier to follow.Transitions can be used to contradict a common belief. You would have to organize your paper to where the common belief is stated and use a transition to contradict it.
7 Types of Transitions Transitions between sections These types of transitions would be used in longer works, could be a paragraph summarizing the information just covered and/or information on what’s to comeTransitions between paragraphsThese transitions are generally pretty short, a word or two, maybe a short sentence. They could be located at the end of beginning of a paragraph and will highlight existing content or suggest following content.
8 Types of Transitions Transitions within paragraphs Usually single words or short phrases, they act as cues by helping readers anticipate what is coming next.
9 Transitional Expressions SimilarityAlso, in the same way, just as…so too, likewise, similarlyException/ContrastBut, however, in spite of, on the one hand…on the other hand, nevertheless, nonetheless, notwithstanding, in contrast, on the contrary, still, yetSequence/OrderFirst, second, third…next, then, finally
10 Transitional Expressions TimeAfter, afterward, at last, before, currently, during, earlier, immediately, later, meanwhile, now, recently, simultaneously, subsequently, thenExampleFor example, for instance, namely, specifically, to illustrateEmphasisEven, indeed, in fact, of course, trulyPlace/PositionAbove, adjacent, below, beyond, here, in front, in back, nearby, there
11 Transitional Expressions Cause and EffectAccordingly, consequently, hence, so therefore, thusAdditional Support or EvidenceAdditionally, again, also, and, as well, besides, equally important, further, furthermore, in addition, moreover, thenConclusion/SummaryFinally, in a word, in brief, in conclusion, in the end, in the final analysis, on the whole, thus, to conclude, to summarize, in sum, in summary
12 ConclusionThere are many types of transitions and they can be used in many different waysTransitional ExpressionsSimilarityException/ContrastSequence/OrderTimeExampleEmphasisPlace/PositionCause and EffectAdditional Support or EvidenceConclusion/Summary
13 Conclusion Any Questions? Transitions build relationships between different parts and topics of your paperTransitions help readers ease into a change of topicsTypes of Transitions:Transitions between sectionsTransitions between paragraphsTransitions within paragraphsAny Questions?