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Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

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Presentation on theme: "Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi"— Presentation transcript:

1 Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
ILLC 8th Grade Sunday School

2 Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Vocabulary: Contemporaries – People who live during the same time.

3 Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Main points of the lesson Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi were contemporaries who worked in Judah after the return of the children of Israel for Babylonian captivity. God offered encouragement and instruction for the rebuilding of the temple through Haggai and Zechariah Prophecies of Christ are found in the books of Zechariah and Malachi

4 Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Haggai the prophet The name Haggai means “festal” indicating he may have been born on a major feast day. The prophesy was written on the first day of Elul (Aug-Sept) 520BC and delivered on the twenty-first day of Tishri (Sept-Oct) 520 BC Haggai wrote to encourage the exiles to again continue work on rebuilding the temple. The work had stopped for sixteen years.

5 Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Over fifty thousand Jews had returned to Jerusalem from captivity. Main points found in Haggai A word of reproof A word of support A word of blessing A word of promise Lessons found in Haggai God will bless His people if they follow Him. We should never weary of doing the work of God We can depend on God’s promises.

6 Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
The prophet Zechariah Zechariah means “Lord has remembered” His was a contemporary of Haggai The prophesy may have been written in two parts and at two different times Chapters 1-8: BC Chapters 9-14: 480 BC Zechariah often used the phrases “Lord of hosts” (chapters 2:10 & 9:15) “Word of the Lord” (chapters 1:7 & 9:1) “Saith the Lord” (chapters 1:7 and 12:1)

7 Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Like Haggai, Zechariah was written to remnant, returned from Babylon, who were discouraged with the small size of the Temple as compared to Solomon’s temple. Zechariah’s intent was to encourage the remnant to believe that God was at work restoring Israel and to prepare them for the coming Messiah.

8 Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Main points of Zechariah The importance of the restoring the Temple as a symbol of God’s restoration of Israel The power and will of God to bring back the refugees from Babylon The future glory of Christ in the spiritual restoration of Israel Zechariah’s prophesy of Christ Righteous Branch 3:8 Crucified Savior 12:10 Coming King 9:9

9 Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Three parts of Zechariah Part 1: Zion as a sanctuary (1-6) Zechariah’s eight visions Angelic horsemen 1:7-17 Four horns and smiths 1:18-21 The man and the measuring rod Chapter 2 Joshua the high priest Chapter 3 Candlestick and olive trees Chapter 4 Flying scroll 5:1-4 Woman in the ephah (bushel basket) 5:5-11 Four chariots and horses Chapter 6

10 Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Part 2: Zion’s Services (7-8) Four messages Rebuke of worldly rituals in the temple 7:1-7 Reminder of God’s judgment on Israel they won’t obey the former prophets 7:8-14 Restoration of Israel 8:1-19 Universal gospel, many people and nations 8:20-23

11 Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Part 3: The Savior of Zion (9-14) Two prophecies of Christ The lowly and rejected Savior Chapter 9-11 Riding on an ass 9:9 Betrayed for thirty pieces of silver 11:13 The Redemptive Work of Christ Chapter 12-14 A fountain opened .. To cleanse from sin 13:1

12 Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
The prophet Malachi He prophesied one hundred years after Haggai and Zechariah began to write Lived in a day of moral an social decline Malachi means “my messenger” The prophesy was written between BC which was after the completion of the new temple in Jerusalem (416) The book was written to the remnant a few generations after the Temple was built.

13 Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Malachi rebuked Israel’s social and moral decay Malachi warned that unless the people lived Godly lives God will punish them Malachi’s prophesies of Christ Christ as messenger of the covenant 3:1 Christ as a refiner’s fire 3:2 Christ as the sun of righteousness 4:2

14 Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
The Five Parts of Malachi Part 1: Spiritual decay 1:1-2:9 Part 2: Social decay and idolatry 2:10-16 Part 3: Moral decline 2:17-3:6 Part 4: The people would not support the work of the Temple 3:7-18 Part 5: Prophesies of Christ 4:1-5

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