Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1 Cleaner Production & MEAs: The Linkage CPC Workshop.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "1 Cleaner Production & MEAs: The Linkage CPC Workshop."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Cleaner Production & MEAs: The Linkage CPC Workshop

2 Cleaner Production: Revisited  The continuous application of an integrated preventive environmental strategy applied to processes, products and services to increase overall efficiency and reduce risks to humans and the environment  Related terms include: – Pollution prevention (P2) – North America – Produccion Mas Limpia (PL) – Latin America – Waste minimisation – Eco-efficiency – Green business – Sustainable business

3 Cleaner Production: Revisited  Production processes – Conserving raw materials and energy, reducing, minimising and eliminating use of toxic materials and their release to the environment  Products – Reducing negative impacts along the life- cycle of a product  Services – Incorporating environmental concerns into designing and delivering services

4 Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs)  International instrument binding three or more nations  Take measures to remedy, mitigate or otherwise deal with global and/or regional environmental concerns  Contribute to sustainable development

5 What are MEAs?  International legal instruments that: – have a goal of environmental protection (sustainable development) – are concluded between a large number of states or international organizations as parties – concluded in written form – governed by international law – can be embodied in a single instrument or in two or more related instruments

6 How MEAs come into Force  International legal instrument agreed and signed between the states (signatories)  MEAs include provision on number of ratification from signatories needed to come into force  Once a country ratifies, accepts, approves or accedes an MEA, the country (or “Party”) is subject to the provisions under the MEA

7 MEA Implementation  Implementation of an MEA – a process of converting international commitments and requirements into national law and policy in order to induce behavioral change of target groups, i.e. those actors causing the problem in question.  Compliance – refers to whether the countries adhere to the agreement provisions and undertake implementation measures, including procedural measures (e.g. national reporting)  Effectiveness – whether a MEAs resolved a problem that caused its creation

8 Institutional Elements of MEAs  Conference of Parties (COP) – Ultimate decision-making body on implementation and development of their respective MEAs  Secretariat – Supports COP and performs a number of varied functions depending on the mandate of the MEA  Executive and subsidiary bodies – Generally advisory in nature, report to COP on scientific, technical, or financial matters

9 Institutional Elements of MEAs  Clearinghouses – Facilitate exchange of information (websites, databases operated usually by the Secretariats)  Implementation actors on national level – Represented by the national authorities and/or institutions, training and information centres  Financial mechanisms

10 Financial Mechanisms  Regime Budgets – MEAs can establish one of more of mandatory or voluntary trust funds, most often administered by the international organizations that provide the Secretariats. Budgets are proposed by Parties and approved by the COPs  Development Assistance – Funds can be provided via foundations (e.g. UN Foundation), bilateral arrangements, private sector donors and NGOs  Other multilateral financing mechanisms – Global Environment Facility, The Kyoto Protocol climate-related mechanisms, the World Bank

11 Main MEA Clusters  Biodiversity  Atmosphere  Land  Chemicals and hazardous waste  Regional seas and related

12 MEA Clusters: Biodiversity  Consists of MEAs related to protection and conservation of biodiversity  Main MEA - Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)  Others include CITES, CMS, Ramsar Convention on Wetlands etc. Protection of biodiversity is directly relevant to pollution management and efficient use of resources and therefore to Cleaner Production

13 MEA Clusters: Atmosphere  MEAs aimed at protection of atmosphere from pollutants – Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer – The Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Implementation of the atmosphere cluster MEAs requires effective management of emissions to air and therefore directly relevant to Cleaner Production

14 MEA Clusters: Marine Environment  17 Regional Seas Conventions  Global Program of Action for the protection of the Marine Environment from Land-Based Activities (GPA) Most MEAs in the marine cluster are multi-sectoral agreements based on precautionary and preventive approaches and hence direct relevance to CP

15 MEA Clusters: Chemicals & Hazardous Waste  Deal with hazardous impacts of wastes and chemical pollution  Main treaties under the cluster: – Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal – Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade – Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Cleaner Production is relevant to all Conventions under this cluster and helps to enhance synergies among them

16 MEA Clusters: Land  Main MEA: UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)  Linked to Climate Change and Biodiversity Conventions (Three Rio Conventions) No direct linkage, but some relevance to Cleaner Production

17 Three Core MEAs (with direct relevance to CP activities)  Chemical and hazardous waste – Basel Convention – Stockholm Convention on POPs  Atmosphere – Kyoto Protocol (UNFCCC)

18 MEA Comparison

19 MEAs: Strengths & Weaknesses  Strengths: – Growing commitment to explore synergies – Increased attention to principles of precaution and prevention  Weaknesses: – Lack of synergies among MEAs – Inadequate implementation and coordination of MEAs at the national level – Inadequate compliance and enforcement – Lack of environmental and performance indicators to measure the effectiveness of MEAs – Inadequate funding for selected MEAs

20 CP & MEA Integration: Why?  “promotion of its implementation, and coordinating functions arising from increasing number of international legal instruments” (Chapter 38 of Agenda 21, 1992)  “apparent conflict” between conventions (UNEP Technology and Economic Assessment Panel under Montreal Protocol and IPCC, 2000)  “fragmentation, duplication and overlap”, compliance rates are at best patchy” (Geo 3. UNEP, 2002) -> MEAs can lead to greater Cleaner Production implementation and vice-versa

21 CP & MEAs: Building on Commonalities  Common goal: sustainable development (triple bottom line)  Cross-cutting issue: assessment and management of pollution, emissions, wastes etc.  Deal with current and future environmental issues  Precautionary approach  Continuous environmental improvement  Promote synergies

22 What can CP do for MEAs?  CP can contribute to: – wider use of prevention as the best strategy of environmental protection – issue linkage and providing positive incentives for compliance and implementation – strengthening synergies among MEAs – adding flexibility to the agreements

23 What can CP do for MEAs?  Cross-cutting and capacity building activities of CP: – Policy advice – Technical and financial assistance – Assessment and management of pollution – Education and awareness – Information exchange – Strengthened participation of all stakeholders in the decision-making – International partnership

24 Current Status: Where are we now?  CP experiences and expertise are readily available but widespread awareness about CP is lacking  Links starting between MEA implementation and CP related bodies, tools, methodologies - but more needed  Implementation focus on regulation, end-of-pipe

25 Survey: NCPC’s Familiarity with Conventions (in 2002) unfamiliar 70% familiar 30% Basel Convention unfamiliar 80% familiar 20% Stockholm Convention unfamiliar 60% familiar40% UNFCCC

26 What Should it Be (Vision)?  CP widely used in MEA implementation strategy  Multi-stakeholder partnerships including MEA/CP bodies  Effective implementation of MEAs through prevention leading to sustainable development

27 What Gaps Need to be Bridged?  Catalytic actors and activities needed  Awareness of CP by MEA-related bodies  Awareness of MEAs by CP-related bodies  More joint efforts/co-ordination

28 CP & MEAs: Matching of Skills and Needs  Experiences in Cleaner Production have some relevance to certain MEAs – Hazardous waste management (Basel) – Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) – Energy efficiency (UNFCCC-Kyoto)  Technical assistance can be provided based on previous Cleaner Production experiences and activities – Training and demonstration projects – Technical manuals – Material substitution and process change – National Implementation Plan (NIP) preparation

29  CP practitioners have unique skills: – deep knowledge of local conditions and industries – confidence of local industry and recognition at all levels – good industry, government contacts – extensive networks of technical specialists – links with government and international organisations CP & MEAs: Matching of Skills and Needs

30  Cleaner Production practitioners have some needs to be met: – direct experience with MEAs – knowledge on MEAs – Understanding of MEA financial mechanisms – experience with government MEA agencies – training materials, relevant information CP & MEAs: Matching of Skills and Needs

31 CP & MEA: Why Integrate? Awareness raising Information exchange Commitment/partnership building Demonstration projects Education & Training Building capacity Technical assistance Policy advice/development More...?

32 Summary: CP & MEA Linkage  Global drive towards promoting and implementing sustainable development – Increasing number of MEAs – Tighter/comprehensive environmental legislation  Realised benefits from making the shift from reactive to proactive/preventive approach to environmental management – Cleaner production – Sustainable consumption  The need to be aware and be prepared to capitalise on potential opportunities

Download ppt "1 Cleaner Production & MEAs: The Linkage CPC Workshop."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google