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Air Earth’s Atmosphere.

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Presentation on theme: "Air Earth’s Atmosphere."— Presentation transcript:

1 Air Earth’s Atmosphere

2 Atmospheric Pressure * The weight of the air above you. The more air that is above you the more pressure you will feel. * Sinking air pushes down more- cold air is usually high pressure. * Rising air pushes down less- hot air is usually low pressure.

3 Where is pressure greater, at top of a mountain or at sea level?

4 So …. Atmospheric pressure is greatest near Earth’s surface
Decreases as you move out to space Can vary from locations at the same level due to the density of the air

5 Cold Air vs. Warm Air Cold air is denser than warm air so has a higher pressure Warm is less dense so has a low pressure These masses of warm/cold air used to predict weather

6 Barometer Measures air pressure Measured in millibars

7 Movement of Air Wind The movement of air molecules from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure Temperature differences on Earth’s surface create areas of different pressure and the winds that circulate our planet

8 Causes of temperature difference
Earth is curved rather than flat so more solar radiation is received at the equator Air above equator is heated more than any place on Earth … heated air rises (low pressure) Air above poles receives less radiation so air is cooler … colder air sinks (high pressure)

9 The Coriolis Effect Due to Earth’s rotation
Causes air masses moving south in Northern Hemisphere to be turned westward from their original paths These wind patterns determine the weather and also when ships/planes can travel

10 Review ….. What 2 things determine our wind patterns on Earth ?
Differences in heating Coriolis effect

11 Global Wind Systems Trade winds Westerlies Easterlies Doldrums

12 Jet Streams Located near top of troposphere Flow west to east
2 jet streams in each hemisphere Resemble fast moving rivers Average speed between km/h Their positions in altitude and latitude from day to day / season to season

13 Jet Stream

14 Local Wind Systems Land Breezes Sea Breezes
Movement of air towards water Sea Breezes Movement of air towards land

15 Mountain vs. Valley Breezes
During DAY, heated air along mountain slopes rises = Valley Breeze At NIGHT, cooled air along mountain slopes moves downward = Mountain Breeze

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