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General Properties of Waves

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Presentation on theme: "General Properties of Waves"— Presentation transcript:

1 General Properties of Waves
Mrs. Gergel 2014

2 Properties of waves Waves can carry a little energy or a lot of energy
They also vary in length and speed Basic properties of waves are: amplitude, wavelength, frequency, and speed

3 Amplitude Amplitude- maximum distance the medium carrying the wave moves away from its rest position Measure of how much a particle in the medium moves when disturbed by the wave Amplitude of the wave is a direct measure of its energy The farther the medium moves as it vibrates the larger the amplitude

4 Amplitude of a transverse wave
The amplitude of a transverse wave is the maximum distance the medium moves up or down from its rest position Amplitude can be found by measuring the distance from the rest position to a crest or a trough Amplitude Rest position

5 Amplitude of a longitudinal wave
Amplitude of a longitudinal wave is a measure of how compressed or rarefied the medium becomes High energy vibrations cause the compressions to be very crowded Crowded compressions and uncrowded rarefactions mean that the longitudinal wave has a large amplitude Crowded compressions Uncrowded rarefactions

6 Wavelength A wave travels a certain distance before it starts to repeat The distance between two corresponding parts of a wave is its wavelength

7 Wavelength of a transverse Wave
Find the wavelength of a transverse wave by measuring the distance from crest to crest or trough to trough. This also works from rest position to rest position wavelength

8 Wavelength of a longitudinal wave
You can find the distance of a longitudinal wave by measuring the distance from one compression to the next wavelength

9 Frequency Frequency is the number of complete waves that pass a given point in a certain amount of time Frequency can also be described as the number of vibrations per second Frequency is measured in units called hertz (Hz) Hertz = # wave/ second

10 Speed Sound and light waves travel at different speeds
The speed of a wave is how far the wave travels in one unit of time, or distance divided by time Speed is measured in meters per second or m/s The speed, wavelength, and frequency of a wave are related to each other by a mathematical formula

11 Formulas Speed= Wavelength x Frequency
If you know any two of the quantities in the speed formula, you can calculate the third Frequency= Speed/ wavelength Wavelength= Speed/ Frequency In a given medium and under the same conditions, the speed of the wave is constant

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