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1 Impressionism The late 19 th century. 2 Renoir A Girl with a Watering-Can. 1876.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Impressionism The late 19 th century. 2 Renoir A Girl with a Watering-Can. 1876."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Impressionism The late 19 th century

2 2 Renoir A Girl with a Watering-Can. 1876

3 3 Outline Introduction Part I. Definition Part II. Location Part III. The painters Conclusion References

4 4 Introduction Many of the practices of the impressionists had precedents in earlier French painting of the 19th century Most of the impressionists followed the tendencies of earlier French realists such as Gustave Courbet They emulated French painter Camille Corot in his sensitivity to the effects of light in nature They also learned from French landscape painters of the Barbizon School and admired the vibrant color and lively brushstrokes of Eugène DelacroixDelacroix The impressionists specialized in landscape, informal portraits in a domestic setting, and still life

5 5 Edouard Manet. The Picnic 1862-1863

6 6 Part I. Definition Movement in painting that originated in France in the late 19th century radical because braking many of the rules of picture-making set by earlier generations The impressionists tried to depict what they saw at a given moment, capturing a fresh, original vision that was hard for some people to accept as beautiful Impressionist painters used broken brushstrokes of bright, often unmixed colors and simplified their compositions, omitting detail to achieve a striking overall effect In 1874 French art critic Louis Leroy coined the term impressionist in a satirical review of a private exhibition of paintings, because of Impression, Sunrise (1873, Musée Marmottan, Paris) by Monet

7 7 Impression, Sunrise

8 8 Part II. Location In Paris (Opera Garnier for Degas, la Seine for Seurat and Monet, a train station for Monet) In 1890, Monet purchased a house in Giverny that he had been renting for seven years. He began to develop its gardens, introducing an ornamental lily pond and a Japanese-style bridge. These and other features of his idyllic estate were the subject of a steady output of large decorative paintings Cézanne in Aix-en-Provence, Van Gogh and Gauguin in Arles in 1888

9 9 Giverny From 1890 until his death in 1926, Claude Monet lived and painted in the small village of Giverny, near Paris Monet planted extensive gardens at Giverny, including the water garden pictured here Water lilies filled the pond and were the frequent subject of the artist’s paintings Monet’s house, now known as the Foundation Claude Monet, has been restored and is decorated in the original color schemes selected by Monet The house and gardens are open to the public during the spring and summer months

10 10 The Bark at Giverny, 1887, Musée d'Orsay, Paris

11 11 Part III. The painters Impressionism refers principally to the work of Monet, Renoir, Camille Pissarro, Alfred Sisley Manet and DegasMonetRenoirManet Degas Impressionism also refers to the work of artists who participated in a series of group exhibitions in Paris, the first and most famous of which was held from April 15 to May 15, 1874, at the studio of the photographer Nadar By the 1880s a number of artists had begun to react against various aspects of impressionism Painters Seurat and Gauguin protested the movement’s exclusive concentration on subjects they saw as ordinarySeuratGauguin The next generation of innovators, so-called postimpressionists, is best represented by Cézanne and Van GoghCézanne Van Gogh

12 12 Edgar Degas (1834-1917) Born into the family of bankers of aristocratic extraction In 1854-1859 he made several trips to Italy, some of the time visiting relatives, studying the Old Masters By 1860 Degas had drawn over 700 copies of other works, mainly early Italian Renaissance and French classical art In 1874 Degas helped organize the 1st Impressionist exhibition and participate in all the group exhibitions except that of 1882 Most of his works depict racecourses, theaters, cafés, music halls, or boudoirs. Degas was a keen observer of humanity— particularly of women Famous paintings: Race Horses (c.1866-68), Carriage at the Races (1869), Dance Class (1871), The Star (1876-77)Race HorsesCarriage at the RacesDance Class The Star

13 13 Edgar Degas. Ballet Rehearsal on the Set. 1874

14 14 Conclusion In 1991, two of Russia's major museums, the Hermitage in St. Petersburg and the Pushkin in Moscow, revealed they had secretly stored a group of impressionist paintings (part of a vast collection looted from Germany by the USSR in the final months of World War II) Most of the paintings had come from private collections (some had previously been looted by the Nazis) and had not been seen in public for many decades Both museums exhibited many of these works, including paintings by Degas, Renoir, Gauguin, and Monet, in 1995

15 15 References ionism.shtml ionism.shtml mpressionism mpressionism

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