Edouard Manet Music in the Tuileries Gardens 1862 Manet’s painting 'Music in the Tuileries Gardens' at first seems to record an everyday scene from modern life – a disorganised crowd listening to an open-air concert. The artist has in fact carefully composed a cultural ‘self-portrait’ as the work contains numerous identifiable sitters, including Manet himself. http://www.royalacademy.org.uk/exhibitions/manet/events-and-resources/key-to- music-in-the-tuileries-gardens-1862,979,MA.html Also, how did this painting show the influence of the birth of photography during that time? (Hint: See what happens to the depiction of people along the edges of the work)
IMPRESSIONISM - How did the term Impressionism come about? - When did this movement develop? - Who were the artists involved in this movement? - What were their aims? - How was their style(s) like?
IMPRESSION Lack of realism Blurred Vague Quick/fast A moment in time Sketch What does Impression mean/suggest?
Claude Monet Impression: Sunrise 1872 Oil on canvas, 48 x 63cm
Claude Monet Impression: Sunrise 1872 Claude Lorrain Seaport with the embarkation of the queen of sheba 1648 How are the two works which depict the same subject matter different?
Subject: Misty view of seaport at sunrise Hurried & vigorous brushwork/dabs Predominant use of orange AIM: To capture an instantaneous sensation -- the shimmering surface of water, caring less about detail. Dispersed/ all- over composition No distinction between foreground, middle ground nor background. Claude Monet Impression: Sunrise 1872 This work changed the concept of a ‘completed’ artwork. A ‘sketch’ is now deemed by Monet as worthy of exhibiting
“What does the canvas depict? Look at the catalogue.” “Impression: Sunrise” “Impression -- I was sure of it. I was just telling myself that, since I was impressed, there had to be some impression in it… and what freedom, what ease of workmanship! Wall-paper in its embryonic state is more finished than this seascape.” ~ Louis Leroy
Aim: Objective transcription of the world To study the effect of light on objects & people. 2 main groups: - Landscape: Claude Monet, Camille Pissarro, Alfred Sisley - Figure: Edgar Degas, Auguste Renoir, Mary Cassatt
General Characteristics of Impressionists: - Clear, bright colours ~ Concept of complementary colours - Short, choppy brushwork / dabs - ‘Snapshot’ composition - Sketchy quality Claude Monet The Poppy Field 1873 Oil on canvas
Hokusai Katsushika Great Wave off Kanagawa 1823-9 The Influence of Japanese Woodcut prints on Impressionist artists
Hiroshige Ando Cherry Blossom at Arashiyama Kitagawa Utamaro The Three Models Impressionists applied the flat, bright colors, and asymmetrical compositions of woodcuts to their paintings.
Leader of the Impressionists Claude Monet 1840 -1926
Claude Monet Bathing at La Grenouillere 1869 This painting depicts a popular boating and bathing establishment with an adjacent floating café, on the Seine near Bougival to the west of Paris. In the summer of 1869 Monet was living near La Grenouillère with his mistress, Camille, and their son. Working alongside Renoir, he painted sketches of the scene in a very fresh and direct manner, possibly in preparation for a slightly larger canvas, now lost. The exceptionally free handling of Monet's painting may in part be due to the canvas being a sketch for what was to be a more ambitious composition painted back in the studio. He uses broad areas of colour to indicate the boats moored in the shadows, while dots in the lighted water in the background represent a party of bathers in the river. http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/paintings/claude-oscar- monet-bathers-at-la-grenouillere
Claude Monet Bathing at La Grenouillere 1869 Detail
Claude Monet La Grenouillere 1869 Oil on canvas, 74.6 × 99.7 cm
Claude Monet The Rue Montorgueil, Paris 1878 Oil on canvas, 81x50cm Detail See: http://www.musee- orsay.fr/index.php?id=8 51&L=1&tx_commentair e_pi1%5BshowUid%5D =7081
Claude Monet Rouen Cathedral Series 1890 1880s, Monet began to experiment with series of pictures that allowed him to capture the changes from one time to another. - Devoted himself to capturing the flux of nature Series: Trains arriving at the Gare Saint Lazare, Rouen Cathedral, haystacks, poplars and waterlilies The changing conditions of light – affected by atmosphere, time of day, and season remained his theme http://www.learn.columbia.edu/monet/swf/