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Using the wrong ladder for the job Using ladders incorrectly Using defective ladders Improper handling
More than 500,000 people a year are treated for ladder-related injuries in the U.S., according to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. Approximately 300 people in the U.S. die from ladder related injuries annually.
Use the correct ladder for the job Take the time to get the right size and type of ladder Check load capacities. Don’t just use the most available one. Consider the use and the need for a non-conductive ladder.
Determine the size and type of ladder you will need Look at your work station-floor and wall Secure your ladder properly Check for hazards Sprinkler heads Will you be working with or around electrical energy? A non-conductive ladder may be required Watch out for overhead hazards Power lines Lights Ceiling ledges Pipes Sprinkler heads
Check to make sure the rungs do not have oil or slippery substance on them Check to make sure that rungs and rails are not split, broken, or damaged. May need to tag it out for repairs. If it can not be properly repaired cut it up and throw it away. Check to make sure feet, slip locks, and spreaders are working properly
Make sure the ladder is placed on an even surface When working outside make sure the ground is not too soft to prevent sinking Use the 4 to 1 ratio against a base for straight or extension ladders Extend straight or extension ladders 3 rungs above the roof surface. Tie off ladders against the building if working above 12 feet
Barricade off area below your ladder so pedestrians don’t walk into or under your ladder while your on it. Also you may drop something and injure someone passing by below you. Use appropriate signage/notification, especially when working behind doors
Keep at least a three point contact on the ladder at all times Hold the side rails not the rungs when climbing or descending a ladder Only take one step at a time Do not stand on the top step of an “A-frame” ladder.
Take the time to move a ladder instead of “over- reaching” your position. If the center of your body is outside the rails, you are over-reaching Never attempt to move a ladder while you are on it Rock-n-roll Hip-hop
Use a tool belt to keep hands free Lift materials from a hand line bucket from the ground Have your partner hand you the tools you need once you are in position
The following are examples of what NOT to do Creative but VERY DANGEROUS ladder set-ups and operations